Dating apieces

200 operas

2020.11.30 19:56 Jyqm 200 operas

A bit of a personal milestone for me: Before this year, I had attended about thirty live opera performances since my first in 2006. I never really listened to opera at home, though -- I prefer instrumental music when I'm working and rarely had the time or desire to commit to watching full performances from the couch -- so my knowledge of the genre was essentially limited to what I had seen live. That changed with the Met's first "Wagner week" back in April (when else would I ever have the time to forge my way through the entire Ring cycle?), and since then I've spent this otherwise awful year watching opera at home almost every night. I set a goal for myself a couple of months back, and last night -- with Pfitzner's Palestrina -- I finally hit it: I've now seen and listened to 200 different operas!
I had kept a spreadsheet of the operas I'd seen performed live, organized chronologically by premiere date, and I expanded that to include everything I've been watching at home. The list now runs from L'Orfeo (beautiful) to Marnie (ehh...). A few fun stats:
The most represented composer on my list is, unsurprisingly, Verdi, with 19 titles (nearly a tenth of the whole list!). Tied for a distant second place are Rossini and Wagner, with 11 each (though Rossini will jump ahead soon enough, as Wagner is essentially tapped out), followed by Puccini and Strauss at 9, and Donizetti and Mozart at 8 apiece.
Italian is the most common language (again no surprise) with 69 entries. French is second with 41, and German is very close behind with 39. Russian comes next with 18, then English with 17 entries (totally dominating the post-1945 era).
The most represented decade is the 1890s, with 16 different operas ranging from Cavalleria rusticana to Cendrillon. Second place, with 15 titles each, is a tie between the 1840s (La fille du régiment to Luisa Miller) and the 1910s (Don Quichotte to Die Frau ohne Schatten).
My median opera year is 1877; Massenet's Le roi de Lahore currently sits at the #100 spot. (This is actually intentional: I decided a while back that Götterdämmerung makes for an excellent "centerpiece," and I try to balance my viewing of older and newer operas to keep it near the middle.)
I also have a second spreadsheet with a list of nearly a hundred other operas I haven't yet listened to, which still includes quite a few big names ranging from L'incoronazione de Poppea to Einstein on the Beach. So I guess the next goal is 300, though I also want to take more time to go back and rewatch/relisten to some of my favorites of the first 200. (No more Ring cycles for a while, though. Twice in a year feels like plenty!)
If you made it to the bottom of this post, thanks for enjoying my ramblings! It has not been a very fun or productive year in many respects -- opera has really become my rock, and I'm happy to be able to share some of that joy with this community.
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2020.11.27 16:00 AutoModerator [Pre Match Thread] Man City vs Burnley (PL)

Man City welcome Burnley to the Etihad Stadium for a Sean Dyche masterclass
Date: Sat 28th Nov 2020
Time: 15:00
Venue: Etihad Stadium

Team News

Sergio Aguero is seeking to make his first start for five weeks.
Burnley goalkeeper Bailey Peacock-Farrell is on standby to make his Premier League debut if Nick Pope is ruled out because of the head injury he sustained against Crystal Palace.
Midfielders Dale Stephens and Robbie Brady are unlikely to be ready to return following hamstring injuries.

MATCH FACTS

Head-to-head
Manchester City
Burnley
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2020.11.26 17:45 Trevelyan2 My ex is acting unbelievably childish, and I have to share rent for 6 months still.

2 sides to every story, right? Here’s my side.
Been dating for 3 years. I asked her to move in 1.5 years ago in a 2 BR apartment. I fully acknowledge and admit that the relationship, while not terrible, lacked any real meaning; I should have ended this relationship a long time ago. As this year stressed everyone out, I lost 20 lbs, built a PC, and designed my 1st game. All of which was resented by her. She doesn’t do a lot at home other than FB and coloring on a tablet.
She’s not what you call a smart woman. I say this not in a mean way, she’s just.. different. It’s why I took to her; not vindictive, not mean, just simple to please. Convenient.
But in 3 years, I realized I’ve never had a real, actual conversation with her. I finally grew some balls and decided to rip this band aid off. Again, this is MY fault I’m in this mess.
That said, I carefully prepared a statement and expected to crush her. I did. She was devastated 3.5 weeks ago when I told her I just want to be friends. I didn’t want to do anything rash, no one has to move out (her 12-year old also lives here 50% of the time).
So devastated, that she was downright crazy. After wailing (by definition, she ugly cried for almost an hour straight), she started randomly storming through the house, yelling, pushing things around, and slamming. She tells her kid “we gotta find a place to live now!” (See above, I said the opposite), and forced me to leave the apartment so the cops don’t show up. She blocked the way out, not wanting me to leave, despite screaming.
She filled both my regular phone and work phones voicemails; over sixty 20-30 seconds long apiece the first night.
When I returned the next day after work, she denies that the voicemails are a mistake; it’s my fault for not answering.
She refuses to let me sleep on the couch without the door between us being WIDE OPEN. Simultaneously, she complains about noise I make.
She instigates countless minor confrontations, yet denies the reason why.
She denies all wrongdoing for anything, and asks why I hate her. When I explain the reasons why I break up, she asks what the reasons are. It’s maddening!
Now before you finish this picture of a abusive partner that is gaslighting: Please understand, she’s.. different.
She is not a vindictive person. She is being petty, SO petty, to lash out at her frustrations, but she doesn’t know why.
During our arguments she wanted to get her photos out of my computer monitor. I said the photos are in my computer. She angrily points at my old monitor: “The photos are in THAT thing”.
Now, everyone makes mistakes, right? I don’t judge people on things like that. What I DO judge, is woeful ignorance. She won’t take my word on anything, including on where her photos are. She’s convinced I’m seeing someone at all times, when I flat out state I don’t want to be in a relationship anymore.
I’ve tried explaining things: I’m 38, she’s 39. Did that surprise you? Yeah; not my first breakup. For her? I don’t think she’s ever been loved by anyone.
While this is terribly sad, I can’t overstate how stressed and frustrating living here is. I can’t move out on a dime, so I’m trying to set boundaries to live together for a while. But she does not respect ANY of them. She instigates, I get more and more direct, and she starts crying, and doing random angry things, like a child. She then forgets anything that was said, and denies all wrongdoing.
Oh, and she’s suddenly now a Covid denier. She went out to the bars to get drunk, and texted me 42 times when she came back to an empty apartment. Our State is on the news for most new cases.
I know this has been rambling a bit. It’s a lot to explain. I don’t know what I’m truly dealing with here: She just sits around and waits to comment on something I’m doing; I feel pressured at ALL times at home. I can’t wait to get the fuck out of here and sleep in my own bed again. But as for advice? I could really use some for how to deal with this mentality.. Maybe someone else has dealt with this.
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2020.11.26 10:33 AnnieIWillKnow [REVIEW] November round-up – a solid month, amid COVID-19 frustrations

The Chelsea FC Women November round-up – a solid month, amid COVID-19 frustrations

Welcome to the third Chelsea FC Women monthly round-up of 2020/21. These reviews will be posted on a monthly basis throughout the season, featuring a summary of the exploits of Emma Hayes' Chelsea side, as well as a brief preview of the month ahead.
This post is a long read, so feel free to skip to the end for a brief overview, and the December preview!
Introduction
October saw Chelsea FC Women record three wins from three games – including a Conti Cup humbling of Arsenal, and a crucial victory over Man City in the WSL. There were to be more challenges to come in November, with Chelsea starting the month with a Conti Cup tie against London rivals, Tottenham Hotspur, before the prospect of form team Everton and Arsenal, in the WSL. Everton came into November second in the table after a brilliant start to the season, and had already beaten Chelsea once this season, in the FA Cup quarter-final tie leftover from last season. Arsenal started the month top of the WSL – and Chelsea may have beaten Arsenal in the Conti Cup, but with full-strength teams expected a different game could be expected this time round.
The Arsenal game was also to feature as part of the annual Women’s Football Weekend championed by the FA – an initiative in which during the concurrent international break in the men’s game, there is a drive to bring more viewers to the women’s game. This year, all of the WSL games were televised live on UK television, for the first time ever.
November was to conclude for Chelsea up with an away tie to second-tier London City Lionesses, in the Conti Cup. A likely pivotal month in Chelsea’s season so far, with two crucial WSL games, and the chance to secure qualification for the knockout stage of the Conti Cup.
Chelsea 2-0 Tottenham Hotspur (CTC)
Chelsea kicked off November at home to Spurs, in our second group game of this season’s Continental Tyres Cup (League Cup). This year, the groups have been organised by regions, meaning Chelsea feature in an all-London group alongside Arsenal, Spurs and second-tier side London City Lionesses. Chelsea currently sit top of the group, following a thumping 4-1 win over Arsenal last month.
Following a long rest for her side, Emma Hayes named a strong starting XI for this one. The ankle injury Fran Kirby picked up during the international break is set to have her side lined for several weeks, and Hayes chose to give summer signing Niamh Charles the chance to start in her place, following Charles’ impressive start to life in a Chelsea shirt.
Both teams looked lively, and Spurs came the closest to an opener in the opening exchanges, striking the woodwork with a free kick. Chelsea had good chances of their own, with Ji and Bright forcing excellent saves from ex-Chelsea player Becky Spencer in the Spurs goal, and Harder blazing over following a good set up from Charles. Neither team were able to make a first half breakthrough, and went into half time with the score level at 0-0.
Chelsea dominated possession in the second half but lacked any real cutting edge – Hayes saw fit to make a triple substitution as Chelsea went in search of a winner, introducing Jessie Fleming, Beth England and Guro Reiten to proceedings. Spurs’ defence stood strong in a resolute display off the ball.
Eventually the Chelsea pressure told – Erin Cuthbert’s speculative long range effort snuck in past keeper Spencer (who really should have done better) to give Chelsea a long-awaited lead. Chelsea keeper Ann-Katrin Berger was then called into action for the first time in the second half, producing a brilliant save to preserve Chelsea’s advantage. Sophie Ingle, on as a substitute, won a late penalty for handball, which Leupolz converted to give Chelsea a 2-0 lead, and the 3 points. Not the best performance, but a win and a clean sheet – job done for Chelsea.
Chelsea 4-0 Everton (WSL)
Chelsea’s first WSL action of the month was a tricky home fixture against second-placed Everton. Our last WSL fixture had been a month ago, following COVID-19 postponements and the international break. Everton had had a superb start to the season, led by new signings Valerie Gauvine and Izzy Christiansen, and came into this game undefeated in the WSL, but following an agonising 3-1 defeat in extra time in the Women's FA Cup final - completing the 2019/20 edition of the competition. Everton beat Chelsea 2-1 in the quarter-finals on their way to Wembley, back in September – Chelsea would need a big performance to take all 3 points.
Fran Kirby continued to be absent with an ankle injury, whilst for Everton, Gauvine and captain Lucy Graham were side-lined. Both teams failed to really get going in the first half, in wht was some evenly-matched opening exchanges. Everton keeper Sandy MacIver had been Player of the Match in the FA Cup final, but her error gave Chelsea the lead midway through the first half. Her clearance hit Bethany England and rebounded to the onrushing Ji, who finished well to put Chelsea 1-0 up. Not many chances followed for either side, although both Christiansen and England would have been disappointed with their finishes, after getting in behind the defences.
Chelsea started the second half on the front foot, putting the Everton defence under pressure – but the Toffees were equal to it. Having ridden out the storm, Everton came back but Chelsea stood firm defensively. A lovely Chelsea move saw Cuthbert go close, and immediately after Chelsea got the second through Beth England to give Chelsea a 2-0 lead and some much needed breathing space in a tight game. The result was put beyond doubt with England’s second of the afternoon just a few minutes later – MacIver did brilliantly to tip a Cuthbert shot onto the bar, and England was quickest to it to convert the rebound. Everton still pressed for a consolation, and it was on the break in the final minute that Chelsea found a fourth to really put the gloss on the score line. The ball came to Harder, who danced through the Everton defence before pulling off a wonderful strike with the last kick of the game to make it 4-0 to Chelsea.
A tighter game than the score line suggests, and Chelsea were made to work hard for 3 points against a very solid Everton side, in what was a great result for the Blues and saw us leapfrog Everton into second place in the WSL. Elsewhere, Man City thrashed strugglers Bristol City 8-1 – with the south west side having to field academy players due to a COVID-19 outbreak in the squad, after the WSL controversially denied them a postponement. Arsenal travelled to third-place Man United in the match of the weekend, and in a result which could be a significant shake up to the established order in the WSL, lost 1-0 to Casey Stoney’s side, meaning Man United ended the weekend top of the WSL (although Chelsea do have a game in hand!)
Arsenal 1-1 Chelsea (WSL)
Hayes named an unchanged line-up for this banner fixture on Women’s Football Weekend, with England preferred ahead of Kerr following her brace last week.
The game started cagily, with Chelsea having more of the ball and being the more forceful of the two teams, but with neither side able to create any meaningful chances. Arsenal came back into the game as the half went on with both sides working hard out of possession to negate their opponents, in a 45 minutes where defence reigned over attack.
The match sparked into life at the end of the first half, when Sophie Ingle gave the ball away for Chelsea – Arsenal’s Caitlin Foord capitalised and hit the bar with her strike, which then bounced upwards only to hit the bar again! Fortunately Chelsea keeper Berger was able to scramble a punch away, and Chelsea cleared the danger. 0-0 at half time, with all to play for in the second half.
Hayes made an attacking change at the break, bringing on striker Sam Kerr for midfielder Melanie Leupolz. Chelsea started the second half on the front foot, but still struggled to create any clear chances – although Beth England will have been disappointed to have completely miscued a shot, after Harder had set her up.
As in the first half, Arsenal grew more into the game, and put Chelsea under pressure with a succession of corners – and the Chelsea defence looking nervier than we are accustomed to. With so much at stake, both sides looked increasingly nervous and keen not to concede. Hayes introduced Reiten for England, showing that she was still keen to win the game, whilst Arsenal boss Joe Montemurro kept his side as it was. Chelsea had a couple of half-chances – but just couldn’t quite find the quality in the box to threaten Zinzberger in the Arsenal goal, with the game increasingly looking like if it was to have a winner, it would be due to an error or a moment of individual brilliance.
Late drama was to come, when Miedema – who had been kept so quiet – played in a great ball for Beth Mead to get on the end of, who met it with a sharp first-time finish to put Arsenal 1-0 up, and looked likely to have secured the 3 points for Arsenal. Chelsea did not let their heads drop though, and somehow found an even later equaliser when Pernille Harder’s cross fortuitously deflected off of Wubben-Moy for an own goal. A freakish goal, but nothing less than Chelsea deserved after an even game – and one Chelsea did not deserve to lose.
The honours ended even with a point apiece – and probably one Chelsea will be happier with, given that Arsenal were the home side, and their loss last week. Chelsea’s unbeaten run extends to 27 WSL games, in a game which was crucial not to lose.
London City Lionesses P-P Chelsea (CTC)
Chelsea were due to finish November away to second-tier side London City Lionesses in the Conti Cup. However, a COVID-19 outbreak in the Lionesses squad saw the game postponed. A draw elsewhere in the group between Spurs and Arsenal means that Chelsea have secured qualification to the quarter-finals of the competition, as group winners – but this match will still need to be played. This could post a problem for Chelsea – as with the Women’s Champions League due to begin in December, we will be struggling to find an empty mid-week slot prior to the quarter-finals, to play this rearranged fixture

Champions League draw

This month also saw the draw for the round of 32 in the Champions League. The women’s edition of the competition is a straight knock-out, with the top-seeded teams entering at this stage. Chelsea last took part in the competition in 2018/19, when we lost narrowly to eventual champions and perennial winners Lyon in the semi-final. Success in the Champions League has long been the clearly stated goal of manager Emma Hayes and her squad, and our progress in this competition will be one of the key metrics that our season is measured by.
Chelsea have been drawn to face Portuguese champions Benfica, in what is one of the more difficult draws we could have been given. Benfica are the dominant force in the Portuguese league, and will be a tough test for this Chelsea side. The two-legged ties are set to take place on the 9/10th December and 15/16th December, with the exact dates to be confirmed. Chelsea will travel away to Benfica, before having the home advantage in the second leg.

Summary

November results in brief:
Fixture Result Competition Goal scorers
Tottenham Hotspur (H) 2-0 W CTC Cuthbert, Leupolz
Everton (H) 4-0 W WSL Ji, England x 2, Harder
Arsenal (A) 1-1 D WSL OG (Harder assist)
London City Lionesses (A) P-P CTC n/a
Round-up:
Two wins and a draw for Chelsea in November saw us all but secure qualification for the quarter-final stage of the Conti Cup – with the postponed fixture against the London City Lionesses pending – and strengthen our position in a tight WSL league table. With one game in hand, Chelsea sit third in the WSL, a point behind Arsenal and 2 points behind surprise leaders Man United – who shook up the WSL order by beating Arsenal this month. Given the slight air of chaos about professional football this season, Emma Hayes will be content with Chelsea’s current domestic position, with about a quarter of the games played.
Looking ahead to December:
Once again, women’s domestic football pauses at the end of Novembestart of December for another international break. Qualification for the Women’s European Championship – postponed until 2022 – is yet to be decided for some teams. Many Chelsea players will be travelling across the continent to represent their national sides, whilst our English contigent will stay home at a training camp, with England not having any competitive fixtures due to having qualified as the hosts of the upcoming tournament. Manager Emma Hayes will be keeping her fingers crossed that the international break is navigated without any injury or COVID-19 issues. Fran Kirby looks set to return to action in December, following an ankle injury picked up on the last international break.
Chelsea then return to the WSL with a home fixture against West Ham, who have recently departed with their manager, Matt Beard, who is also a former Chelsea boss – following a disappointing start to the season for the Hammers.
Following that game, Chelsea will the travel to Lisbon for the first leg of our Champions League round of 32 tie against Benfica, before a return to domestic action away to Brighton in the WSL. Following the second leg against Benfica, Chelsea will then host Spurs in the WSL to round off the month, and the calendar year of 2020.
A busy month ahead for the Blues, and all eyes will be on the Champions League tie – as Chelsea look to try and make their mark in the competition that has become the Holy Grail for Emma Hayes and her side.

UTC!

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2020.11.26 10:32 AnnieIWillKnow The Chelsea FC Women November round-up – a solid month, amid COVID-19 frustrations

The Chelsea FC Women November round-up – a solid month, amid COVID-19 frustrations

Welcome to the third Chelsea FC Women monthly round-up of 2020/21. These reviews will be posted on a monthly basis throughout the season, featuring a summary of the exploits of Emma Hayes' Chelsea side, as well as a brief preview of the month ahead.
This post is a long read, so feel free to skip to the end for a brief overview, and the December preview!
Introduction
October saw Chelsea FC Women record three wins from three games – including a Conti Cup humbling of Arsenal, and a crucial victory over Man City in the WSL. There were to be more challenges to come in November, with Chelsea starting the month with a Conti Cup tie against London rivals, Tottenham Hotspur, before the prospect of form team Everton and Arsenal, in the WSL. Everton came into November second in the table after a brilliant start to the season, and had already beaten Chelsea once this season, in the FA Cup quarter-final tie leftover from last season. Arsenal started the month top of the WSL – and Chelsea may have beaten Arsenal in the Conti Cup, but with full-strength teams expected a different game could be expected this time round.
The Arsenal game was also to feature as part of the annual Women’s Football Weekend championed by the FA – an initiative in which during the concurrent international break in the men’s game, there is a drive to bring more viewers to the women’s game. This year, all of the WSL games were televised live on UK television, for the first time ever.
November was to conclude for Chelsea up with an away tie to second-tier London City Lionesses, in the Conti Cup. A likely pivotal month in Chelsea’s season so far, with two crucial WSL games, and the chance to secure qualification for the knockout stage of the Conti Cup.
Chelsea 2-0 Tottenham Hotspur (CTC)
Chelsea kicked off November at home to Spurs, in our second group game of this season’s Continental Tyres Cup (League Cup). This year, the groups have been organised by regions, meaning Chelsea feature in an all-London group alongside Arsenal, Spurs and second-tier side London City Lionesses. Chelsea currently sit top of the group, following a thumping 4-1 win over Arsenal last month.
Following a long rest for her side, Emma Hayes named a strong starting XI for this one. The ankle injury Fran Kirby picked up during the international break is set to have her side lined for several weeks, and Hayes chose to give summer signing Niamh Charles the chance to start in her place, following Charles’ impressive start to life in a Chelsea shirt.
Both teams looked lively, and Spurs came the closest to an opener in the opening exchanges, striking the woodwork with a free kick. Chelsea had good chances of their own, with Ji and Bright forcing excellent saves from ex-Chelsea player Becky Spencer in the Spurs goal, and Harder blazing over following a good set up from Charles. Neither team were able to make a first half breakthrough, and went into half time with the score level at 0-0.
Chelsea dominated possession in the second half but lacked any real cutting edge – Hayes saw fit to make a triple substitution as Chelsea went in search of a winner, introducing Jessie Fleming, Beth England and Guro Reiten to proceedings. Spurs’ defence stood strong in a resolute display off the ball.
Eventually the Chelsea pressure told – Erin Cuthbert’s speculative long range effort snuck in past keeper Spencer (who really should have done better) to give Chelsea a long-awaited lead. Chelsea keeper Ann-Katrin Berger was then called into action for the first time in the second half, producing a brilliant save to preserve Chelsea’s advantage. Sophie Ingle, on as a substitute, won a late penalty for handball, which Leupolz converted to give Chelsea a 2-0 lead, and the 3 points. Not the best performance, but a win and a clean sheet – job done for Chelsea.
Chelsea 4-0 Everton (WSL)
Chelsea’s first WSL action of the month was a tricky home fixture against second-placed Everton. Our last WSL fixture had been a month ago, following COVID-19 postponements and the international break. Everton had had a superb start to the season, led by new signings Valerie Gauvine and Izzy Christiansen, and came into this game undefeated in the WSL, but following an agonising 3-1 defeat in extra time in the Women's FA Cup final - completing the 2019/20 edition of the competition. Everton beat Chelsea 2-1 in the quarter-finals on their way to Wembley, back in September – Chelsea would need a big performance to take all 3 points.
Fran Kirby continued to be absent with an ankle injury, whilst for Everton, Gauvine and captain Lucy Graham were side-lined. Both teams failed to really get going in the first half, in wht was some evenly-matched opening exchanges. Everton keeper Sandy MacIver had been Player of the Match in the FA Cup final, but her error gave Chelsea the lead midway through the first half. Her clearance hit Bethany England and rebounded to the onrushing Ji, who finished well to put Chelsea 1-0 up. Not many chances followed for either side, although both Christiansen and England would have been disappointed with their finishes, after getting in behind the defences.
Chelsea started the second half on the front foot, putting the Everton defence under pressure – but the Toffees were equal to it. Having ridden out the storm, Everton came back but Chelsea stood firm defensively. A lovely Chelsea move saw Cuthbert go close, and immediately after Chelsea got the second through Beth England to give Chelsea a 2-0 lead and some much needed breathing space in a tight game. The result was put beyond doubt with England’s second of the afternoon just a few minutes later – MacIver did brilliantly to tip a Cuthbert shot onto the bar, and England was quickest to it to convert the rebound. Everton still pressed for a consolation, and it was on the break in the final minute that Chelsea found a fourth to really put the gloss on the score line. The ball came to Harder, who danced through the Everton defence before pulling off a wonderful strike with the last kick of the game to make it 4-0 to Chelsea.
A tighter game than the score line suggests, and Chelsea were made to work hard for 3 points against a very solid Everton side, in what was a great result for the Blues and saw us leapfrog Everton into second place in the WSL. Elsewhere, Man City thrashed strugglers Bristol City 8-1 – with the south west side having to field academy players due to a COVID-19 outbreak in the squad, after the WSL controversially denied them a postponement. Arsenal travelled to third-place Man United in the match of the weekend, and in a result which could be a significant shake up to the established order in the WSL, lost 1-0 to Casey Stoney’s side, meaning Man United ended the weekend top of the WSL (although Chelsea do have a game in hand!)
Arsenal 1-1 Chelsea (WSL)
Hayes named an unchanged line-up for this banner fixture on Women’s Football Weekend, with England preferred ahead of Kerr following her brace last week.
The game started cagily, with Chelsea having more of the ball and being the more forceful of the two teams, but with neither side able to create any meaningful chances. Arsenal came back into the game as the half went on with both sides working hard out of possession to negate their opponents, in a 45 minutes where defence reigned over attack.
The match sparked into life at the end of the first half, when Sophie Ingle gave the ball away for Chelsea – Arsenal’s Caitlin Foord capitalised and hit the bar with her strike, which then bounced upwards only to hit the bar again! Fortunately Chelsea keeper Berger was able to scramble a punch away, and Chelsea cleared the danger. 0-0 at half time, with all to play for in the second half.
Hayes made an attacking change at the break, bringing on striker Sam Kerr for midfielder Melanie Leupolz. Chelsea started the second half on the front foot, but still struggled to create any clear chances – although Beth England will have been disappointed to have completely miscued a shot, after Harder had set her up.
As in the first half, Arsenal grew more into the game, and put Chelsea under pressure with a succession of corners – and the Chelsea defence looking nervier than we are accustomed to. With so much at stake, both sides looked increasingly nervous and keen not to concede. Hayes introduced Reiten for England, showing that she was still keen to win the game, whilst Arsenal boss Joe Montemurro kept his side as it was. Chelsea had a couple of half-chances – but just couldn’t quite find the quality in the box to threaten Zinzberger in the Arsenal goal, with the game increasingly looking like if it was to have a winner, it would be due to an error or a moment of individual brilliance.
Late drama was to come, when Miedema – who had been kept so quiet – played in a great ball for Beth Mead to get on the end of, who met it with a sharp first-time finish to put Arsenal 1-0 up, and looked likely to have secured the 3 points for Arsenal. Chelsea did not let their heads drop though, and somehow found an even later equaliser when Pernille Harder’s cross fortuitously deflected off of Wubben-Moy for an own goal. A freakish goal, but nothing less than Chelsea deserved after an even game – and one Chelsea did not deserve to lose.
The honours ended even with a point apiece – and probably one Chelsea will be happier with, given that Arsenal were the home side, and their loss last week. Chelsea’s unbeaten run extends to 27 WSL games, in a game which was crucial not to lose.
London City Lionesses P-P Chelsea (CTC)
Chelsea were due to finish November away to second-tier side London City Lionesses in the Conti Cup. However, a COVID-19 outbreak in the Lionesses squad saw the game postponed. A draw elsewhere in the group between Spurs and Arsenal means that Chelsea have secured qualification to the quarter-finals of the competition, as group winners – but this match will still need to be played. This could post a problem for Chelsea – as with the Women’s Champions League due to begin in December, we will be struggling to find an empty mid-week slot prior to the quarter-finals, to play this rearranged fixture

Champions League draw

This month also saw the draw for the round of 32 in the Champions League. The women’s edition of the competition is a straight knock-out, with the top-seeded teams entering at this stage. Chelsea last took part in the competition in 2018/19, when we lost narrowly to eventual champions and perennial winners Lyon in the semi-final. Success in the Champions League has long been the clearly stated goal of manager Emma Hayes and her squad, and our progress in this competition will be one of the key metrics that our season is measured by.
Chelsea have been drawn to face Portuguese champions Benfica, in what is one of the more difficult draws we could have been given. Benfica are the dominant force in the Portuguese league, and will be a tough test for this Chelsea side. The two-legged ties are set to take place on the 9/10th December and 15/16th December, with the exact dates to be confirmed. Chelsea will travel away to Benfica, before having the home advantage in the second leg.

Summary

November results in brief:
Fixture Result Competition Goal scorers
Tottenham Hotspur (H) 2-0 W CTC Cuthbert, Leupolz
Everton (H) 4-0 W WSL Ji, England x 2, Harder
Arsenal (A) 1-1 D WSL OG (Harder assist)
London City Lionesses (A) P-P CTC n/a
Round-up:
Two wins and a draw for Chelsea in November saw us all but secure qualification for the quarter-final stage of the Conti Cup – with the postponed fixture against the London City Lionesses pending – and strengthen our position in a tight WSL league table. With one game in hand, Chelsea sit third in the WSL, a point behind Arsenal and 2 points behind surprise leaders Man United – who shook up the WSL order by beating Arsenal this month. Given the slight air of chaos about professional football this season, Emma Hayes will be content with Chelsea’s current domestic position, with about a quarter of the games played.
Looking ahead to December:
Once again, women’s domestic football pauses at the end of Novembestart of December for another international break. Qualification for the Women’s European Championship – postponed until 2022 – is yet to be decided for some teams. Many Chelsea players will be travelling across the continent to represent their national sides, whilst our English contigent will stay home at a training camp, with England not having any competitive fixtures due to having qualified as the hosts of the upcoming tournament. Manager Emma Hayes will be keeping her fingers crossed that the international break is navigated without any injury or COVID-19 issues. Fran Kirby looks set to return to action in December, following an ankle injury picked up on the last international break.
Chelsea then return to the WSL with a home fixture against West Ham, who have recently departed with their manager, Matt Beard, who is also a former Chelsea boss – following a disappointing start to the season for the Hammers.
Following that game, Chelsea will the travel to Lisbon for the first leg of our Champions League round of 32 tie against Benfica, before a return to domestic action away to Brighton in the WSL. Following the second leg against Benfica, Chelsea will then host Spurs in the WSL to round off the month, and the calendar year of 2020.
A busy month ahead for the Blues, and all eyes will be on the Champions League tie – as Chelsea look to try and make their mark in the competition that has become the Holy Grail for Emma Hayes and her side.

If you are interested in learning a bit more about Chelsea FC Women, and keeping a closer eye on the progress of our women's team, then check out our subreddit, /chelsealadiesfc!

UTC!

submitted by AnnieIWillKnow to chelseafc [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 22:34 knaps I can't hike. Is my romantic life here over?

Hello all. Serious question about dating and the outdoors here in the bay.
I have a dangerous allergy to all kinds of bee stings. If I'm stung I basically need to be at a hospital within an hour or things get dicey (read: fatal). Epipens give me 20 minutes of consciousness apiece. I don't mind being outside; I just get anxious when I'm far away from roads and infrastructure. I don't want to die waiting for an ambulance that can't get to me quickly. Anaphylaxis is very scary.
As I swipe through dating profiles, it's discouraging. Most locals have at least one hiking photo and list 'nature' as their favorite hobby. Here in the Bay it's normal to go on multi-day hikes, remote camping trips, and just generally "be out in nature". These are things that I appreciate the value of, but simply cannot do wholeheartedly.
I love seeing new places, and will happily spend a day urban hiking, wandering around a local park, relaxing on the beach, or camping somewhere close to roads. In my experience, however, my partners have all been disappointed that I can't camp my way across Yosemite for a week or hike 12 hours into the woods every weekend. Is it really such a norm here? Have I missed some other compromise that could fix this? Should I look elsewhere for dates? Any advice would be really appreciated. Non-hikers need love too :(
EDIT: You bunch are lovely. Thank you to everyone who's been commenting, I feel a lot better about this now and hope that it'll help others who are reading.
submitted by knaps to bayarea [link] [comments]


2020.11.18 04:40 352Fireflies [LF] Springy Ride-ons in colors listed below [FT] NMT, Bells, White Springy Ride-on, Bamboo Drum DIY, White Lamp post

Hi all! I'm looking to collect a full set of springy ride-ons but I'm missing a few, specifically:
I've got some stuff on hand if anyone wants to trade me one of these horses. Obviously, I don't expect anyone to have ALL of them, but I'll trade 3 NMTs per ride-on or 25,000 bells apiece. I've also got the white springy-ride on from my NookMiles machine if anyone else is looking to collect a full set. I can also trade a white lamp post for a DIY if anyone wants that instead of Bells or NMT. I'll update this post with the ones that I get to keep any interested traders up-to-date.
submitted by 352Fireflies to ACTrade [link] [comments]


2020.11.15 04:04 explorer17156 Cavs have the Victory Score margin record

The Game with the Largest Margin of Victory Involved the Cleveland Cavaliers
The date was December 17, 1991 as the Cavs dropped the hammer on the Miami Heat, 148-80. Mark Price and John Battle led Cleveland in scoring with 18 points apiece.
submitted by explorer17156 to nba [link] [comments]


2020.11.15 03:30 linkdeez_ 2

I used to work as Medic in the Canadian oil patch, good job for the most part as it pays more and is less stressful than ground ambulance. I did a few years responding to 911 calls then took some time off to live in New Zealand. When I came back to Canada I was strapped for cash and looking to get back to work quickly so I took a job with the first company that called me back.
Interview goes well, I get a start date, a daily wage rate and for the time couldn't be happier.
Doing this job was apiece of cake, basically it involves sitting in a truck with a MTC ( mobile treatment center) stuffed in the box, think pick up truck with camper. Mostly the reason medical staff is required has to do with OHS legislation. If you are x amount of time from hospital and doing "high risk" work you need dedicated EMS .
I spent 20 days away from home at this remote work site where they were fracking gas wells and by the 20th day couldn't wait to get home, I was excited to get my first real pay check in nearly a year and planning on first paying off some bills and then getting blackout drunk.
This is where shit went sideways on me - I tore open the mail box like a child on Christmas morning, grabbing my check I headed down to the bank. Opening the letter I froze, wtf? I'm missing over 1,000 $ - a cursory glance at my attached paystub revealed I was getting paid 75$ per day less than I expected. "Okay" I think to myself "must be a mistake, i'm sure they'll rectify it for me".
The next day I went down to the office and met with Asshat manager and a few other office people. We sat down and talked it over and I asked if it was a mistake and when could I be expecting the rest of my pay.
AM looked at me squarely and said " you won't be getting that extra money, I HAVE discussed it with the rest of management and WE have agreed no one told you that you would be getting 400 $ / day. We only pay 325$ to start" "Well i'm not saying you all told me I would start at 400$. You AM told me I would get 400 the day you hired me"
He always had this creepy little smirk on his face and I began to understand the underlying reason( kinda looked like the " Pedo smile") Smirking at me he began " why would I start you at the top wage? We'd have no where to go, you wouldn't ever be able to get a raise and that wouldn't be fair now would it? " I replied " that doesn't bother me, besides YOU told me I would get 400$"
With that smirk still plastered across his face he said " I don't remember that, did you get it in writing? " At this point I knew he got one over on me and while internally livid I tried not to betray any emotion. " No I guess I didn't " AM- " well there you go, so let's get this settled while you are here, you'll get 325$ as a day rate and we're all in agreement. Is that okay? Can you live on that? " I agreed without too much fanfare and left wordlessley cursing him and his progeny down the generations.
I start looking for jobs immediately as i'm not about to continue working for that asshole if I don't have to but remembering at the same time i'm not suited for unemployment. 3 days into my scheduled 10 off I get a call from AM " Hi AstaKask, can you work tomorrow? I've got a job and our medic is sick, it's really important, they're doing a large gas frac in the morning"
"Sure" I says. "Great, you'll have to come by tonight and grab a truck, I won't be there so i'l give you the gate code to the yard and leave the keys in the gas cap". " you need to drive out to site tonight and be there for the 6am start" "You bet boss" I said barely keeping my voice even. At this point I decided to say "fuck it unemployment isn't all that bad"
Fast forward to 7am the next day. The phone call I was expecting from AM arrives " WHERE THE FUCK ARE YOU!??" " what do you mean? " "You NEEDED to be at the jobsite for 6am! I just got a call from the oil company! WHERE the fuck are you!!? " " i'm at home " " WHAT!? You were going on this Job, we talked last night!! " " Hmmm, I don't remember this.... did you get it in writing? " I promptly hung up and then turned my phone off.
Now they couldn't start that job and it was my company's fault. If you know anything about fracking it's Hella expensive and they ended up having to pay for all the labor costs during the delay. I got threats of legal action and such so I know it cost them THOUSANDS. I hope it was worth it. I don't burn my bridges, I take off and nuke them from orbit... it's the only way to make sure.
It's been almost 8 years, that company eventually folded and nothing ever came of their saber rattling . I still get a good chuckle when I imagine that asshole going red in the face.
submitted by linkdeez_ to u/linkdeez_ [link] [comments]


2020.11.14 22:31 Andrux0821 [WTS] A whole bunch of Canadian stuff. Some junk, some not, and an American to make it more diverse.

proof
Hey hey hey. It’s ya boi Andrux bringing in something for everyone. But mainly for the Canadians in this sub. I’ve got a lot of stuff to sell today, so if you see a coin you like, feel free to negotiate any of these prices to your liking and I will either match it, or counteroffer. Because I’d rather sell to someone here than to some weird guy on eBay. Plus no fees here except for PayPal fees is another plus. Before you ask, yes I’m located in the US, I just really like Canadian coins.
Shipping is $4 flat in a tracked bubble mailer. $1 for risky ship. International varies so pm me on that.
I accept only PPFF or PPGS + 3%. So, sorry Venmo and Zelle users.
Anyway, let’s get on to the goods. All prices are in USD.
Canadian large cents
$1.50 group the goods
1915
1911
1906
1904
$2.00 group the goods (ignore the 1915)
1920
1919
1919
1913
1911
1905
3.00 group the goods
1919
1901
1899
1893
1884
1884
5.00 group the goods
1910
1901
6.00 group the goods
1910
1906
1901
1893
Take it all for $60 (All sold)
the rest of the shit
1 roll of Canadian 80% silver quarters (39 in roll, one carded for some reason)- $155 (sold)
7 80% silver dimes- $11 (sold)
1960 Canadian silver dollar- $16 (sold)
1912 and 1919 Canadian silver dime- $2.50 apiece (sold)
1910 Canada 5c xf- $10.00 (sold)
1900 Canada 25c vg- $10.00 (sold)
1912 American barber dime nice au with a lot of luster- $50
The expensive Canadian numismatic shit no one probably wants. (ignore the 1889 quarter)
1890 H Canadian dime I’d grade vf30- $130
1925 Canada one cent, nice au for key date- $60
1858 Canada one cent, au details corrosion, but still a nice key date- $150
1876 H Newfoundland one cent, I’d grade an au- $100
1936 “bar” variety quarter, I’d grade an xf- $100
1907 H semi key date Canadian large cent, if this isn’t an unc, it’s probably the nicest au I’ve ever seen, the fields are so clean on this bad boy. I’d really only sell it if someone gives me a really good offer, but for this sub’s rules I have to put down a price so- $450 (negotiate this if you’re interested in it. I can always take more pictures too.)
So that wraps it up for what I have to sell today. If you’ve scrolled this far, I’d like to thank you for looking and I wish you the very best in the collecting/stacking hobby.
submitted by Andrux0821 to Coins4Sale [link] [comments]


2020.11.12 15:05 othersteve Bizarre problem with client's network (3x eero cupcake)

Hey all,
Just a quick question in case anyone here can help. I'm a tech consultant and I have to date installed ~150+ eero systems (usually 3 packs, some pros, mostly just cupcakes though) for various clients. I very rarely experience any issues with them.
However, the other day, I performed a 3x cupcake install for a client with around a 4500 square foot home. Here's the Cliff's Notes on what I experienced:
WTF? I sort of want support to swap all three just to knock this sucker out. Any thoughts on the matter?
Thanks all.
submitted by othersteve to eero [link] [comments]


2020.11.03 18:58 Throwralovelost1 I (23f) found out my ex (23m) spent almost $7000 on a life like sex dolls that looks as close to me as possible. Is there anything I can do about this or do I just have to admit he’s a creep and put this out of my mind?

I broke up with my ex in June. Combination of things but he was just way to happy with inertia. I started dating a really awesome guy only a few weeks after which I know really hurt my ex but I didn’t put it in his face nor did I ask any of my friends to do so (in fact the opposite).
My ex has essentially disappeared off the face of the earth. He says it’s because he’s afraid of covid which is fair enough. But we do have mutual friends who were concerned about him. One of them went to check on him.
My friend says he and ex had small talk and then he went to the bathroom. When he turned on the light he freaked out because it appeared that “someone” was in the shower behind the curtain. He went out to ask my ex who was there and my ex openly related that he had bought a “real doll” because he wanted intimacy but was so afraid of covid. My ex openly shared pics of “her” dressed up in lots of different outfits and such. I was obviously not there so I’m relating what he told me.
My friend ended up going to the bathroom for real and opened the curtain and took a pic. He shared it with me later and not only does this fucking thing look just like me, it was wearing a swimsuit I had sworn my ex had stolen from me on his way out.
I’m so freaked out by this. I did some research and these dolls cost $7000 at least and are fully customizable. My ex didn’t tell our mutual friend that he had built to look like me...but he obviously did.
My question here is simply is there anything I can do about this or do I just have to thank my lucky stars I’ve moved on and he’s fucking apiece of plastic and put it out of my mind?
submitted by Throwralovelost1 to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.11.03 14:20 techn0crat Time doesn’t cure these ills as evaluation in week off only reaffirms problems (McClain - sorry to those who think he's a hack - it's our local paper)

The Texans used their open date to relax and reflect, and when they returned to NRG Stadium on Monday, they started preparing for the NFL’s worst game this weekend.
The Texans and Jaguars are both 1-6 going into their game at Jacksonville. At a time when playoff races are heating up for the second half of the season, Sunday’s game features two teams going nowhere fast.
Usually, the Texans-Jaguars game wouldn’t command much interest outside Houston and Jacksonville, but in this unusual circumstance, the Jets and Dolphins are going to watch it closely.
The winless Jets have the first pick in the draft — the Trevor Lawrence pick, as it’s known. Miami owns the Texans’ first- and second-round draft choices to complete the trade for left tackle Laremy Tunsil and receiver Kenny Stills. The Dolphins want the Texans to lose as many games as possible.
The Jaguars are hopeless, and they will be starting rookie quarterback Jake Luton, a sixth-round pick from Oregon State. He hasn’t thrown a pass this season.
Jacksonville has a six-game losing streak in which every opponent has scored at least 30 points. The Jaguars are allowing 33.3 points during the losing streak.
The Texans’ only victory was over the Jaguars on Oct. 11 when they defeated Jacksonville 30-14 in the first game after Bill O’Brien was fired and Romeo Crennel was promoted to interim coach.
The Texans reached their open date after playing a treacherous schedule that included teams like Kansas City, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Tennessee and Green Bay, who have combined for a 29-7 record. All but the Ravens are in first place in their division.
When Crennel, the coaches and players look back on the first seven games, they’ll see they’ve become the most disappointing team in the NFL. They went into the season with hopes of winning the AFC South for the fifth time in six years, and if they don’t make a dramatic turnaround over the last nine games, they could be in danger of challenging the worst record in franchise history — 2-14 in 2005 and 2013.
From owner Cal McNair to interim general manager Jack Easterby and Crennel, the goal is to win as many games as possible. The trade deadline is Tuesday at 3p.m., and the Texans could swing a couple of deals for draft choices, but the plan is to finish as strong as possible before the franchise undergoes another metamorphosis with a new general manager and head coach.
Winning better start Sunday with a second victory over Jacksonville. The Jaguars are the first team in a four-game stretch of winnable games that includes a trip to Cleveland, New England at NRG Stadium and a Thanksgiving game at Detroit.
Unless Crennel found a magic wand last week and cast a spell over his coaches and players, they’ll have the same problems to solve they had before their open date.
The Texans’ problems start at the line of scrimmage on both sides of the ball. The offense can’t run the ball successfully. The Texans are last in rushing, averaging 84.9 yards a game.
The defense can’t stop the run. The Texans are 31st with an average of 165.9 yards allowed.
Before the open week, Crennel said the coaches would use the time to “self-scout” while the players were off. He was asked on a Zoom conference call Monday if he learned anything about this team last week.
“I don’t think we found out anything we didn’t already know,” he said. “When you don’t play good, you know you aren’t playing good, so what you try to do is discover why you’re not playing good — why the players are doing some of the things they’re doing. Now, isolate those things and then try to improve (them).”
Crennel and his coaches have watched so much tape it’s amazing they don’t get migraines. They know what they want the players to do, and they’re trying to coach it as best they can. But in most instances, it hasn’t been working.
“I know we always talk about the running game and stopping the run,” Crennel said. “Why did this guy run for 94 yards? Now you can see who didn’t fit what gap, what might help him fit that gap correctly the next time so that maybe you can make the tackle for a 4-yard gain instead of a 94-yard gain.
“Same thing in the passing game. Why didn’t aguy stay on top of this route? What did he see? What was he looking at? He let the guy run past him, and then it becomes a big play.”
The defense, which is Crennel’s specialty, has allowed too many big plays against the run and pass. The last two quarterbacks to beat the Texans — Tennessee’s Ryan Tannehill and Green Bay’s Aaron Rodgers — threw four touchdown passes apiece.
“We’re going to try to eliminate those big plays and then solidify the running game,” Crennel said. “I’ve been saying that all season about solidifying the running game. Well, we either do it or we don’t. If we don’t, then we’re going to lose. If we do, then we’re going to be competitive, and we’ll be in games.”
And if they don’t, they’ll continue to make the surprising Dolphins and their fans very happy.
[email protected] twitter.com/mcclain_on_nfl
submitted by techn0crat to Texans [link] [comments]


2020.10.30 15:28 TheFiremind77 New to Legion! Clones and Droids

Good morning, all! I've recently entered the world of Star Wars Legion and have picked up a Clone Wars core set, along with some extra models that I've been able to get at a reduced price. Currently the list of models I have for both armies is as follows:
Republic: 1x Obi-Wan 1x BARC Speeder 6x Phase 1 Clone Trooper squads, full 7 models apiece. (I am aware this is probably more Phase 1 troopers than will ever be used in a normal size game, but there have been talks about playing larger games at a later date.)
CIS: 1x Count Dooku 1x General Grievous 3x B1 Battle Droid squads, full 7 models 4x Droidekas (8x if you count the ball forms and deployed forms separately)
Now, like I mentioned, I am new to this game and wondering what models I should be looking into to bolster these forces. I know droids tend to do best in large quantities and I have no idea how the Republic plays, so I'd rather ask for your suggestions and opinions instead of jumping in headfirst (at least any further than I already have).
Happy Halloween!
submitted by TheFiremind77 to SWlegion [link] [comments]


2020.10.30 08:53 nwgamer0 2020 Masquerade of Liars

How to earn the event rewards:
Ghost appearance toggle item, "Cryptic Visage" (account-bound, you get to keep it permanently). Even if you didn't choose the Ghost team, you need to complete 15 quests for your team if you want the chance to buy a Ghost Visage later.
  1. Talk to the Masquerade Master (guy in blue) on the event platform in Protector's Enclave. Take his quest "What is the Contest of Liars?"
  2. Talk to the Contest Master (red skeletal ghost) near the big tree in PE.
  3. Talk to Dusky Mourning (blue paladin ghost). Choose "tell me about the Crypt Collectors." Choose "Sounds like my kind of group, sign me up." Choose "Absolutely."
  4. Take all of Dusky Mourning's "Seek and Treat" and "Kill or Treat" quests.
  5. Equip your new "Cryptic Mask (Temporary)" head gear item.
  6. Now complete "Seek and Treat in the Enclave." Look for the red and blue Spectral Trickster ghosts. If you can't find enough of them, change instances so you can talk to the same ones again (Main menu, Quests, Change Instance), or go to a different map for a while and come back later. Return to Dusky Mourning to turn in the completed quest.
  7. You must complete 15 quests for Dusky Mourning to earn your Visage item. In the top right of your screen, the event display will show a progress bar for the Masquerade of Liars. Push the touchpad like a button to reach the event tracker and highlight the progress bar, it will tell you exactly how many you've completed. You can spread these 15 quests across multiple days.
  8. Since you only need 15, you might not have to complete the "Kill or Treat" quest, which takes much longer than the "Seek and Treat" quests. If you want to complete "Kill or Treat," make sure you are wearing your team's mask when you kill enemies.
  9. If you use multiple characters, each character can tell Dusky Mourning "I need a mask" to receive a Cryptic Mask to wear for questing. This lets you do more quests each day toward the 15 total that you need on your account.
  10. When you've completed 15 quests, log out, log back in, go to Protector's Enclave, and then check your mail. You should receive the Visage in the mail. (This may be inaccurate. It may not arrive until after the event ends.)
  11. After the event is over, you will be able to purchase additional Cryptic Visages for 50k AD apiece (though this will only be available to those who completed 15 quests for their team). One is probably enough, though, since they are account-bound.
Enchanted Broom mount, with Dominant Force (Power bonus), and Regal Illuminated Universal insignia slots.
  1. The mount can be purchased from the event vendor, on the event platform near the bottom of the main stairs in PE. It costs 50,000 Astral Diamonds, 600 Masquerade Tokens, 25 Handfuls of Enchanted Bristles, 1 Gnarled Broomstick, and 1 Enchanted Witch's Sash.
  2. Liar's Charms: earn these by opening sparkling pumpkins in PE, or killing enemies within 10 levels of you.
  3. Bag of Illusionist's Goods: trade Liar's Charms to Masquerade Illusionists in PE. You can switch instances if you run out of Illusionists to talk to.
  4. Masquerade Tokens: open Bags of Illusionist's Goods. You can also trade Liar's Charms 1:1 to the Masquerade event vendor, on her Exchange tab, but you receive fewer Tokens than by opening Bags.
  5. Handful of Enchanted Bristles: open Bags of Illusionist's Goods. These will also be sold at the last-chance vendor, for a few days after the event ends, for 10 Masquerade Tokens apiece.
  6. Gnarled Broomstick: purchase from the event vendor. It costs 200 Masquerade Tokens.
  7. Beholder Pinata: open Bags of Illusionist's Goods.
  8. Enchanted Witch's Sash: attack Beholder Pinatas and hope for lucky RNG. It's a low drop rate, and it won't drop for some people at all (but it will be sold at the last-chance vendor, keep reading). Use your Beholder Pinatas in a secluded space to prevent random players from grabbing your Sash off the ground. Your Workshop is a good location. You can go to a private queue, but it should not be a queue lower than level 60. The Pinata is always level 60. If you are too low level, you can't kill it. Pinatas now only drop rewards when they die, so you might as well kill it quickly. This will also be sold at the last-chance vendor, for a few days after the event ends, for 300 Masquerade Tokens.
  9. So the maximum cost of the mount will be 200 for broomstick + 600 for mount itself + 300 for sash + 25*10 for bristles = 1350 Masquerade Tokens.
Splinters companion, a decent companion which can be auctioned for a decent price, or a great price if you save it to auction later.
  1. The Splinters companion can be purchased from the event vendor. It costs 600 Masquerade Tokens.
  2. To earn Masquerade Tokens, see steps 2-4 of the Enchanted Broom mount, above.
Fashion masks like the Mask of Lurue. These can be valuable to auction later.
  1. Fashion items can be purchased from the event vendor. They cost 200 Masquerade Tokens.
  2. To earn Masquerade Tokens, see steps 2-4 of the Enchanted Broom mount, above.
Illusionist's Mask artifact, not recommended. Gameplay-wise, the combat power of this artifact is not useful, and its maximum stats are +668 Accuracy, +666 Deflection, and +1.7% Stamina Regeneration. At legendary (orange) rank, it can be traded for the Empowered Illusionist's Mask, but that artifact is not very useful either.
  1. Liar's Charms: earn these by opening sparkling pumpkins in PE, or killing enemies within 10 levels of you.
  2. Bag of Illusionist's Goods: trade Liar's Charms to Masquerade Illusionists in PE. You can switch instances if you run out of Illusionists to talk to.
  3. Open a Bag of Illusionist's Goods to receive the Illusionist's Mask. It requires special reagents to upgrade:
  4. Memento of Leira and Memento of Mask: Talk to the Masquerade Master (guy in blue) on the event platform in Protector's Enclave. Complete all his daily quests. He will always give you "Trade of Treats," and when you complete that, he will give you "Gathering Lies." He may also give you "Lore of Liars," but only a limited number of times. "Gathering Lies" requires you to leave PE and kill enemies within 10 levels of you, until one of them drops a Liar's Charm. Some maps (dungeons and instances like Portal to Tuern) do not count as leaving PE. Be sure to visit a normal map.
  5. Veil of Mists and Veil of Shadows: Open Bags of Illusionist's Goods.
Empowered Illusionist's Mask artifact, also not recommended. Gameplay-wise, the combat power of this artifact is inferior to many other buff/debuff artifacts, and it might not work on bosses. Its maximum stats are +999 Power, +1002 Accuracy, +999 Awareness. It is not terrible but it is not a best-in-slot artifact. There are better artifacts which are more worthwhile to upgrade.
  1. First, upgrade the Illusionist's Mask to legendary (orange) quality, using the instructions above.
  2. The Empowered Illusionist's Mask is purchased from the event vendor, on the event platform near the bottom of the main stairs in PE. It costs 1000 Masquerade Tokens, and one legendary quality Illusionist's Mask.
  3. To earn Masquerade Tokens, see steps 2-4 of the Enchanted Broom mount, above.
Skeleton companion, not recommended.
  1. The Skeleton companion can be purchased from the event vendor. It costs 600 Masquerade Tokens.
  2. To earn Masquerade Tokens, see steps 2-4 of the Enchanted Broom mount, above.
More info:
event in general (Date is wrong for PS4, it ends Nov 9 for us.)
team contest (Date is wrong for PS4, it ends Nov 9 for us.)
info from 2018, still pretty useful
submitted by nwgamer0 to u/nwgamer0 [link] [comments]


2020.10.29 21:02 doctorsirus Theory: One Stardew Valley villager is secretly a God

Ever since a Let’s Play got me into Stardew Valley, I’ve fallen in love with the world. It’s something special, a place to relax and get away from the world’s problems. Here, you can pay bills with the sweat of your own brow, make friends, fall in love, and can escape the drudgery of modern life. It’s magical in its own way.
I’ve played hundreds of hours over multiple save files. I’ve been wondering one thing just recently, however. I remember when I first asked Robin for house upgrades and the sheer bowel-emptying amount she asked for. Seriously? That much for a kitchen? Now that I haven’t left my house for the past several weeks, fear human contact, and have deep dived into the paranormal, I’m overthinking something constantly: with regards to modern housework, does Robin the carpenter over or under charge you for her work?
To figure this out, it’s going to require a fair bit of math and a lot of guesswork. I’m going to have to establish a lot of ground rules but I’m going to try and be as accurate to real world costs as I can. We need to learn four things:
Let’s tackle the first. To do this, I scoured around to look for modern conveniences. Primarily, I found these five:
Another interesting factoid is the number of Cathode-ray TVs you see in Stardew Valley. These are the precursors to plasma screens, which were in turn succeeded by LCD screen TVs. Additionally, a large number of your starter houses comes preequipped with Cathode-ray TVs. Granted, this may be because the farmhouse was abandoned for many years before you came along, but there exists another such TV in 1 River Road where we often see George watching his shows. I will concede that George and Evelyn are quite old and may not have the tech savvy nature of Sebastian to get something more modern, so that can’t be an accurate measurement. Plus, Alex’s mental acumen is a little... questionable.
As for crafting recipes, there really isn’t anything worth talking about. Magic items I won’t talk about because it has no real world comparison; that also throws out the wizard shop’s items. The furniture catalog has nothing of note to pinepoint a date, and nor does Pierre’s General Store, Joja Mart, Joja Warehouse, the Blacksmith, Stardrop Saloon, or Marnie’s ranch. Leah doesn’t mention anything about her laptop, so that is of little help.
So the casino gives us a low bound. Although manufacturing of the plasma screen TV stopped in the US in 2014, plasma screen TVs were losing their market shares around 2007 and factories were shutting down. As you can buy them like hotcakes and fill a shed with them, 2007 is our upper bound.
The price for plasma screens was quite pricey for residential homes. 1995 was the year 42 inch plasma screens became commercial, and some had home installation priced somewhere around US$15,000. Still not quite the size of the queen or king sized bed you and your spouse have (the size of the plasma screen in the game), but sixty inch plasma screen TVs were sold around the year 2000, and that is plenty big. Given the size of the screen in the game is roughly three tiles just like your bed, I think it’s safe to say this is around the size of our estimate. Our rough year range is now 1995 to 2007. Let’s split the difference and say the game takes place in 2001.
We have our year.
To calculate the size of our farmhouse, we need some baseline measurement. Luckily, the game is pixelated so we can be quite accurate in our measurements. Unluckily, we have no confirmed height of anything, so we have to intuit some things. Reddit user asparagus made this excellent size chart, so while I can just use that and save myself a lot of work, let us do some measurements of our own and then measure the farmhouse with both this method and asparagus’ method.
First, there is the height of plants, but those can vary widely. For instance, you can pot prickly pear cactuses in your farmhouse, but their height can vary anywhere between one and seven feet. Plant height is a no go. The average height of a minifridge is forty three inches (109 cm) tall, so unless you are a dwarf, that’s not right either. The fences are also a good starting point, as most agricultural fencing stands at four feet (1.2 m).
Here we don’t have to do much; all fences are forty eight pixels in height. Four feet equals out to forty eight inches (121.92 cm). It doesn’t get more perfect than that!
Trigger warning: incoming math.
Now comes the really tricky part: getting the dimensions of each iteration of your farmhouse, and squinting at my computer screen like a mole in order to count pixels; we must include walls as well as that is included in square footage. Our first iteration has pixel measurements of 704x496. Add in the doorway (136x64pixels), and then we’ll still convert for square feet. 704 * 496 + (136 * 64) = 318,452 pixels/sq, which (dividing by 12^2) converts to 2,211.47 ft/sq. Damn, we’re well on our way for most modern mansions.
I have to have messed something up (205.45 m/sq, btw). The average firebox (the inside of a fireplace where you burn wood) tends to be around 32x20 inches (81.28x50.8 cm). Ours is... 72x40. Twice as large. I also haven’t even begun to calculate the farmhouse’s height because Robin is beginning to scare me.
Alright, new plan, we’re going with asparagus. I married Haley and took her measurements. She is 104 pixels tall, and since she is 65 inches (165.1 cm) according to asparagus, that gives us a measurement of .625 inches/pixel (1.5875 cm/pixel).
Side note, I really want some Twizlers right now.
So instead of having pixels as at a 1:1 ratio, we have something a little more lenient, but things are looking a little... grim. We’ll have to convert each individual amount, so we have (704 * .625) * (496 * .625) + ((136 * 64) * .625^2) for 124,395.31 inches/sq, 863.86 ft/sq., 80.25 m/sq. But still, we haven’t even begun to calculate the actual volume of our farmhouse yet, so these numbers are going to explode.
I’m beginning to think Robin is Hestia. Yoba is not the only deity in this town.
Alright, calculating the rest of the floor spaces is a little boring so let’s speedrun this.
Wall height for the farmhouse is 140 pixels, so (140 * .625) * 124,395.31 inches/sq / 12^3 = 6,298.95 ft^3 (178.36 m^3) for the farmhouse, and 25,800.51 ft^3 (730.58 m^3) using my method.
Just... let’s move on.
Second iteration has me doing a fair bit more work.
Wall height is 135 pixels, and rightmost—wait, the walls are shorter? Weird. Anyway, the rightmost room has dimensions of 486 for width by 375 for depth (and the same cubby dimensions), giving us cuboid dimensions of 24,603,750 pixels^3, which converts to 14,238.28 ft^3 (403.18 m^3), and 3,476.14 ft^3 (82.83 m^3) using asparagus' method
Middle corridor has a dimensional width of 42 pixels by 87 depth, giving us a total of 285.47 ft^3 (8.08 m^3), and 69.69 ft^3 (1.97 m^3) using asparagus' method.
Leftmost room (the kitchen) has a width of 870 and depth of 375, with a doorway of 136x64. That gives us a cuboid area of 314,019.38 ft^3 (29,173.11 m^3), and 6,388.74 ft^3 (180.91 m^3) using asparagus' method.
That gives us a grand total for a tier two home of...
... 328,543.13 ft^3 (29,584.37 m^3) using my method and
... 9,934.58 ft^3 (281.31 m^3) using asparagus' method.
So Robin added at a minimum 3,635.63 cubic feet to your house in three days by herself. Even if you extend the days and months to roughly align with our own calendar, that would be a mere nine days. How much powdered starfruit did she snort in order to do that by herself? I 100% believe Emily is the town’s dealer. I didn’t even calculate the length of the farmhouse loft. It’s doable, and even though you can’t enter it in the game, a bigger farmhouse means a bigger loft judging by the look of it.
Anyway, I’m not going to calculate the loft area right now. I’m not going to calculate the other tiers of your farmhouse either, even though that was my intent when I started this analysis. The math is easy enough, but it gets boring to type, and no doubt to read. Plus, I’m a little stunned by Robin's carpentry acumen. C’mon Robin, stop upgrading my house. Exercise with the girls, dance with your husband, smoke some weed, I dunno, RELAX.
But in a strange way, it makes a weird sort of sense. Pretty much no one plays the game with auto-run turned off, but do so for a moment. See how fast you move. That is your normal pace, and auto-run is you, an Olympian god, sprinting around town every second of every day, helping the shit out of everyone whether they want it or not, snorting the same starfruit mixture you got from Robin to keep going, who may have gotten it from Linus (my money is still on Emily). We’ve become so accustomed to seeing the run animation as our default I almost didn’t realize it doesn’t translate to modern life. The boards in your house, I almost took those as your normal 2x4 planks of wood (which actually measure 1.5x3.5, the world lies to me). They are not. They are almost the width of your entire body, and your walking pace (sorry I can’t get an exact pixel measurement) covers roughly one and a half boards, a similar length to a normal human gait. The art style fooled even me until now, but your house is massive.
Let’s just answer our other two questions. What is the exchange rate? Calculating the exchange rate of a fictional world is always tricky as they have different concepts of rarities, but I’ll give it the ol’ college try. Once again, I can’t do anything with magic. Let’s first list some things of note:
Now you may be tempted to say we can’t translate iridium and gold’s prices to real world market values, and normally you may be right, but there are some extenuating circumstances in the game: the town is right next to two very large mines. It is even a plot point once you clear the glittering boulder that the water carries ore from deep inside the mountain. Yes, gold and iridium are valuable, but your location to ore veins is important; gold and iridium may be uncommon resources but you have access to very specific places where they are more common, otherwise known as the scarcity heuristic). This also explains two facts about iridium: discounting magic, iridium is quite rare in the game, just like real life. Secondly, Clint’s prices make a lot more sense not only because it’s endgame material, but because iridium is super dense and has a very high melting point, thus making it a very difficult material to work with.
But by far the biggest challenge of this question is figuring out whether or not items you produce factor in the cost of your labor or not. For instance, lace is made of simple materials that even in the days of Victorian England, it was easy to get. However because lace was so time consuming to make, it could command absurd prices. Thus, one of the first things we need to discover is whether or not the game takes into account cost of labor or not.
So I am going to take you all back to school and talk about someone who’s old and dead: Adam Smith. It was he who talked about the cost of labor in his book The Wealth of Nations, and because of that, I bring up this particular line:
“...From century to century, corn is a better measure than silver, because, from century to century, equal quantities of corn will command the same quantity of labour more nearly than equal quantities of silver.
Why did I mention corn above? This is why. Prices may vary, but agriculture has been around for thousands of years and the cost of a farmer’s labor equals about the same.
According to Dylan Baumann, Stardew Valley corn plants have a profit value of 535 gold per plant. Our corn plant profits are about as high as they can get without adding something new into the mix, and we don’t want that yet.
Let’s set some ground rules:
If you plant the entire farm with corn and stop harvesting on Fall day 28 when the growing season ends, that lets you harvest a total of 11 ears of corn per plant. Multiply that by 3,350, we get a total of 36,850 ears of corn for your entire farm. Corn is measured in bushels, and a bushel of corn can be anywhere between 40 and 60 ears of corn, but we’ll say you really pack it in for 60, meaning your growing season for corn produces 36,850 / 60 corn for a total of 614.17 bushels per year.
The USDA has a 2001 labor value of corn at US$2.92 per acre (and that matches the Iowa labor statistic), and using 156 bushels per acre, that brings our labor cost per bushel at... US$00.02. That’s a real pittance. Considering bushels of corn retailed around $2.11 per bushel in 2001, that is an incredible markup of 184.85 times.
We’re almost done with the dreaded math, I swear.
Corn retails at 100g apiece in Stardew Valley(You get 50 gold from Pierre, so he has a 100% markup), meaning the labor cost should be around 184.85 times less that amount, meaning it takes about 0.54 gold to make one ear of corn.
Your average US farmers salary $55,000 and $100,000, and we’ll take the middle of $77,500 for our measurements. Dividing the farmer’s salary by the total ears of corn our farmer grows in Stardew Valley, we get a labor cost per ear of corn in US dollars of $2.10 per ear of corn. Now we multiply this by our markup ratio to get the IRL retail cost of corn in Stardew, getting US$237.08! Damn that better be some good eating! We divide that number by the Stardew Valley retail cost of corn, netting us a real world conversion of gold of, drumroll please, $2.37 US dollars per gold in 2001.
Now just for funzies, let us calculate the actual salary of your famer in Stardew Valley. Multiplying your 36,850 ears of corn by 50 gold (your selling price of gold, not the retail price of 100g), that nets you 1,842,500 gold per growing season. Multiply that by the dollagold conversion we just calculated and your real life gross income comes out to be US$436,672,500.
Give me all of the golden clocks, wizard.
Three questions down, one more to go. Currency conversion was rather tricky because it involved quite a lot of math, but this last question, what is the cost of Robin’s labor, that requires the most assumptions. There’s an easy answer and a hard answer.
Robin’s upgrades, except for the last, require you the farmer to give her resources in addition to gold. The simple answer is you are providing materials in order to keep the raw gold cost down. This means that the first house upgrade, 10,000 gold, is strictly her labor cost as the 450 wood is all the raw materials she needs to build. 3 days * 3 months (to adjust Stardew month lengths to our month lengths) comes out to Robin working an IRL equivalent to 9 days. Taking 10,000 gold / 9 days equals a cost of 1,111.111 gold per day, and considering Robin has snorted enough powdered starfruit to have 20 hour work days, that comes out to 55.56 gold per hour.
Just to be sure, let’s see if the math holds up for the last upgrade. That one requires a cost of 100,000 gold and comes preequipped with 33 casks. You do not provide the resources for the casks, meaning that comes included with the cost. Casks cannot be sold, but the materials required to make them are 20 wood and 1 hardwood, which Robin will provide for the same 100% markup (meaning 4 gold and 30 gold respectively). 4 gold * 30 gold * 33 casks comes out to 3,960 gold. Using the same calculations for the first house iteration, we get (100,000 gold - 3,960) / (3 days * 3 months) / 20 hours for a total of 533.56 gold per hour.
Not even close to our first estimate. We could just average them together for (533.56 + 55.56) / 2 = 294.56 gold, and that would be the easy answer. It would be nice to settle for the easy answer.
Let’s find the hard answer. We are going to calculate labor cost per square footage, and luckily most of the work has been done over the course of several google spreadsheets. To find the cost of materials and money per upgrade volume we get the formula (Upgrade volume - Base Volume) / 10,000 gold. This gives us a grand total of cubic material built per gold of...
...2,573.26 in^3/gold, 30.27 ft^3/gold, 2.89 m^3/gold using my method and
...628.24 in^3/gold, 0.36 ft^3/gold, 0.01 m^3/gold using asparagus’ method.
Let’s see if the math holds up for the basement upgrade and dammit I just realized I got to do more pixel measurements now. Hold on, be back in an hour.
Alright, I’m back. We don’t need to do any subtraction for the previous volume of the house considering the cellar is its own little area, but we still need to subtract the value of the materials used for the casks. The cellar comes out to a grand total of cubic materials built per gold of...
...386.91 in^3/gold, 0.22 ft^3/gold, 0.01 m^3/gold using my method and
...94.46 in^3/gold, 0.05 ft^3/gold, 0.0015 m^3/gold using asparagus’ method.
Huge discrepancy.
Before I get into my reasoning why, let us outline what we know first.
I come to one conclusion: Robin is a god that has settled down in the world of Stardew Valley.
Here me out. I have three pieces of evidence.
The first is when Robin is hired to take on a house upgrade job no one helps her, not even her husband Demetrius. Your house is right next to hers, so you’re not paying for travel. As we have shown by our calculations above and in the gDoc spreadsheet, that is a massive amount of work. It’s simply not possible for a human to accomplish such a monumental task. Robin claims she built her own home herself with this line from the game...
“Have I told you that I built our house from the ground up? It's definitely been the highlight of my career so far.”
...so we know her carpentry acumen is impressive enough for the job, but she has severely understated her skill. Homeadvisor pegs a house costing anywhere between US$150,000 to US$500,000 (US$102,005.53 to $340,018.44, adjusted for 2001 inflation), but even adjusted for inflation, Robin absolutely underbids the current housing market. Those inflation adjusted values, when converted to gold, come out to a range of 43,040.31g-143,467.70g. Granted, these prices are for a complete house, not adding onto a current house, but even if we half the value you are getting one hell of a discount.
The second piece is Robin’s language. The sheer passion for her work speaks wonders..
“Wood is a wonderful substance... it's versatile, cheap, strong, and each piece has its own unique character!”
...but perhaps she is just passionate about what she does. Many people are, but knowing what we do about how dirt cheap and blindingly fast she works let’s go into more detail about some things, specifically three lines. The first...
“Our little plan worked out well, don't you think? Pam and Penny seem really happy.”
...is said after Pam’s house undergoes an upgrade. “Our” plan? Sure, you are the one that buys the upgrade and Robin has to build it, but I can’t help but feel there is a double meaning behind this language. It is done out of the kindness of Robin’s heart and the materials have to come from somewhere, so she can’t do it for free, but it wasn’t about the money, as we have stated previously. It was about Penny.
Pam is a somewhat contentious person because of slobbish and slovenly nature. She is immediately and irrationally angered when Penny tries to pick the place up. She drinks heavily...
“\sigh*... My mother definitely has a problem with going to the saloon too much. But it's best not to dwell on bad things, right?”*
...doesn’t seem to understand not paying her tab has some consequences, and doesn’t realize what her habits have done to her daughter’s psyche.
Then you, the player come along. Pam is okay with the simple things in life, but you help Penny with her worries and insecurities, and then with you and Robin together, you give Penny everything she needs to help her shed those worries. She has a house that doesn have problems with rain, two friends who look out for her, her mom has a job, and most importantly she has peace of mind and in a world fraught with problems, that is truly priceless.
Then there is this line...
“Hey! I heard some weird noises last night, and woke up this morning to find the quarry bridge completely repaired! It's a miracle of woodworking!”
...and it occurs once you offer items to the community center junimos to get the quarry bridge repaired.
It is also a bald-faced lie.
The junimos are good, don’t get me wrong, but we’ve seen what Robin can do with our own two eyes. She is absolutely incredible at her job, and while I may give it to her she has no idea what junimos are or what they are capable of, we have proof that the act of restoring the bridge in one night is not out of the realm of possibility for her. A miracle, yes, but I’m certain she can beat the junimos’ time.
Lastly, there is one quote from her that is just... it opens up some very interesting questions. When she says...
“My parents were bewildered when I told them I wanted to be a carpenter. They were pretty old-fashioned.”
...how old are her parents when they consider carpentry too new-fashioned for them? Carpentry is one of the world’s oldest professions. If they were old-fashioned, why were they bewildered?
This line is just so fascinating to me. Robin is incredibly skilled, but I cannot rationalize carpentry being too newfangled for parents to wrap their head around. Who were they? Where are they from? I know your secrets, Robin, I know your parents are gods, too.
The third and final piece is the contrasting pieces of the world at large. Just like ours, it’s a little depressing. Joja Corp runs dozens of what even Cyberpunk would consider a dataslave farm. The world is flooded with consumerism run amok, Orwellian surveillance, and rampant urbanization. The Ferngill Republic is in the middle of a war with the Gotoro Empire and Kent still suffers PTSD from being in a prisoner of war camp.
Stardew Valley isn’t just a town to retire in, it is a place of respite and healing. There are three confirmed magic users deeply tied to the town’s mystical roots. The bears speak and encourage you to manage the world around you. You are rewarded for restoring balance to the valley by being able to recycle things you don’t need. Your main resource in the game, gold, also doesn’t matter that much; if it ever slips into the negative, nothing bad ever happens. You must just work to raise it back up. There is no lose condition in the game.
In many respects it is similar to the Gaiaism philosophy that all living beings are connected, each relying and depending on each other in order to maintain a peaceful coexistence. You help Shane with his nihilism and depression, Sebastian with his ability to express and accept affection, Sam with his dreams, Kent with his problems, Leah with her ambitions, Haley with her generosity and narcissism, or even simple goals like Penny’s idea of a quiet domestic life.
Whether it is the addicted, lost, or scorned, everyone is welcome and everyone can have a home in Stardew Valley. No one embodies this more than Robin who just wants a simple life. Whether it is her own house or her own boat during the Dance of the Moonlight Jellies, Robin builds it herself. The feel of wood grain, the smell of lacquer, the stickiness of stain, the thrum of the saw, and the bite of the axe. Robin doesn’t charge you nearly enough for your house upgrades because it is not about the money. Woodworking is what she loves and she lives in a place where barterism, kindness, family, and friendship substitute so many of life's modern problems and inconveniences.
Friendship increases in the game aren’t just a measurement of achievements, a means of getting more recipes, or more candles lit on a grave. You are making friends and getting to know these people for who they are and everyone’s life is bettered because of it. The amount of love I’ve seen for Linus is just staggering. Shane, in all of his melancholy and despite him not being a suitor in the original version of the game, is loved by so many. I know some despise Haley, but I love that I was able to show her what kindness can do for people.
You are in a gentle and loving place, and you are loved.
What a better place for a god to reside? A quiet town filled with peace and love, seeped in nature and the old magics of yore. A loving mate, a family to raise. Land to share with those that forage from its bounty. It’s all she needs.
Robin’s role in all of this? She desires neither worship nor admiration. She is just a friend. A god, certainly, but a friend first and foremost who is just settling down in a quiet town looking for a little peace.

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Image by MagicallyClueless
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2020.10.28 22:38 doctorsirus Analysis: Does Robin charge you too much for house upgrades and how I concluded she is a diety.

Analysis: Does Robin charge you too much for house upgrades and how I concluded she is a diety.
Ever since a Let’s Play got me into Stardew Valley, I’ve fallen in love with the world. It’s something special, a place to relax and get away from the world’s problems. Here, you can pay bills with the sweat of your own brow, make friends, fall in love, and can escape the drudgery of modern life. It’s magical in its own way.
I’ve played hundreds of hours over multiple save files. I’ve been wondering one thing just recently, however. I remember when I first asked Robin for house upgrades and the sheer bowel-emptying amount she asked for. Seriously? That much for a kitchen? Now that I haven’t left my house for the past several weeks, fear human contact, and have deep dived into the paranormal, I’m overthinking something constantly: with regards to modern housework, does Robin the carpenter over or under charge you for her work?
To figure this out, it’s going to require a fair bit of math and a lot of guesswork. I’m going to have to establish a lot of ground rules but I’m going to try and be as accurate to real world costs as I can. We need to learn four things:
  • What year does the game take place so we can calculate accurate inflation?
  • What is the square footage of the house and its upgrades?
  • What is the exchange value of gold, the game’s currency?
  • What is the cost of Robin’s labor?
Let’s tackle the first. To do this, I scoured around to look for modern conveniences. Primarily, I found these five:
  • Leah mentions she has a laptop
  • The carpentry shop sells Plasma screen TVs.
  • There is what appears to be an old Apple computer monitor in Harvey’s clinic and Maru’s room.
  • Sam has an electric guitar and what looks like a plasma screen computer monitor in his room.
  • In Mr. Qi’s casino, the slot machines do not have a lever. This is important because that gives us a firm earliest date of 1963.
Another interesting factoid is the number of Cathode-ray TVs you see in Stardew Valley. These are the precursors to plasma screens, which were in turn succeeded by LCD screen TVs. Additionally, a large number of your starter houses comes preequipped with Cathode-ray TVs. Granted, this may be because the farmhouse was abandoned for many years before you came along, but there exists another such TV in 1 River Road where we often see George watching his shows. I will concede that George and Evelyn are quite old and may not have the tech savvy nature of Sebastian to get something more modern, so that can’t be an accurate measurement. Plus, Alex’s mental acumen is a little... questionable.
As for crafting recipes, there really isn’t anything worth talking about. Magic items I won’t talk about because it has no real world comparison; that also throws out the wizard shop’s items. The furniture catalog has nothing of note to pinepoint a date, and nor does Pierre’s General Store, Joja Mart, Joja Warehouse, the Blacksmith, Stardrop Saloon, or Marnie’s ranch. Leah doesn’t mention anything about her laptop, so that is of little help.
So the casino gives us a low bound. Although manufacturing of the plasma screen TV stopped in the US in 2014, plasma screen TVs were losing their market shares around 2007 and factories were shutting down. As you can buy them like hotcakes and fill a shed with them, 2007 is our upper bound.
The price for plasma screens was quite pricey for residential homes. 1995 was the year 42 inch plasma screens became commercial, and some had home installation priced somewhere around US$15,000. Still not quite the size of the queen or king sized bed you and your spouse have (the size of the plasma screen in the game), but sixty inch plasma screen TVs were sold around the year 2000, and that is plenty big. Given the size of the screen in the game is roughly three tiles just like your bed, I think it’s safe to say this is around the size of our estimate. Our rough year range is now 1995 to 2007. Let’s split the difference and say the game takes place in 2001.
We have our year.
To calculate the size of our farmhouse, we need some baseline measurement. Luckily, the game is pixelated so we can be quite accurate in our measurements. Unluckily, we have no confirmed height of anything, so we have to intuit some things. Reddit user asparagus made this excellent size chart, so while I can just use that and save myself a lot of work, let us do some measurements of our own and then measure the farmhouse with both this method and asparagus’ method.
First, there is the height of plants, but those can vary widely. For instance, you can pot prickly pear cactuses in your farmhouse, but their height can vary anywhere between one and seven feet. Plant height is a no go. The average height of a minifridge is forty three inches (109 cm) tall, so unless you are a dwarf, that’s not right either. The fences are also a good starting point, as most agricultural fencing stands at four feet (1.2 m).
Here we don’t have to do much; all fences are forty eight pixels in height. Four feet equals out to forty eight inches (121.92 cm). It doesn’t get more perfect than that!
Trigger warning: incoming math.
Now comes the really tricky part: getting the dimensions of each iteration of your farmhouse, and squinting at my computer screen like a mole in order to count pixels; we must include walls as well as that is included in square footage. Our first iteration has pixel measurements of 704x496. Add in the doorway (136x64pixels), and then we’ll still convert for square feet. 704 * 496 + (136 * 64) = 318,452 pixels/sq, which (dividing by 12^2) converts to 2,211.47 ft/sq. Damn, we’re well on our way for most modern mansions.
I have to have messed something up (205.45 m/sq, btw). The average firebox (the inside of a fireplace where you burn wood) tends to be around 32x20 inches (81.28x50.8 cm). Ours is... 72x40. Twice as large. I also haven’t even begun to calculate the farmhouse’s height because Robin is beginning to scare me.
Alright, new plan, we’re going with asparagus. I married Haley and took her measurements. She is 104 pixels tall, and since she is 65 inches (165.1 cm) according to asparagus, that gives us a measurement of .625 inches/pixel (1.5875 cm/pixel).
Side note, I really want some Twizlers right now.
So instead of having pixels as at a 1:1 ratio, we have something a little more lenient, but things are looking a little... grim. We’ll have to convert each individual amount, so we have (704 * .625) * (496 * .625) + ((136 * 64) * .625^2) for 124,395.31 inches/sq, 863.86 ft/sq., 80.25 m/sq. But still, we haven’t even begun to calculate the actual volume of our farmhouse yet, so these numbers are going to explode.
I’m beginning to think Robin is Hestia. Yoba is not the only deity in this town.
Alright, calculating the rest of the floor spaces is a little boring so let’s speedrun this.
Wall height for the farmhouse is 140 pixels, so (140 * .625) * 124,395.31 inches/sq / 12^3 = 6,298.95 ft^3 (178.36 m^3) for the farmhouse, and 25,800.51 ft^3 (730.58 m^3) using my method.
Just... let’s move on.
Second iteration has me doing a fair bit more work.
Wall height is 135 pixels, and rightmost—wait, the walls are shorter? Weird. Anyway, the rightmost room has dimensions of 486 for width by 375 for depth (and the same cubby dimensions), giving us cuboid dimensions of 24,603,750 pixels^3, which converts to 14,238.28 ft^3 (403.18 m^3), and 3,476.14 ft^3 (82.83 m^3) using asparagus' method
Middle corridor has a dimensional width of 42 pixels by 87 depth, giving us a total of 285.47 ft^3 (8.08 m^3), and 69.69 ft^3 (1.97 m^3) using asparagus' method.
Leftmost room (the kitchen) has a width of 870 and depth of 375, with a doorway of 136x64. That gives us a cuboid area of 314,019.38 ft^3 (29,173.11 m^3), and 6,388.74 ft^3 (180.91 m^3) using asparagus' method.
That gives us a grand total for a tier two home of...
... 328,543.13 ft^3 (29,584.37 m^3) using my method and
... 9,934.58 ft^3 (281.31 m^3) using asparagus' method.
So Robin added at a minimum 3,635.63 cubic feet to your house in three days by herself. Even if you extend the days and months to roughly align with our own calendar, that would be a mere nine days. How much powdered starfruit did she snort in order to do that by herself? I 100% believe Emily is the town’s dealer. I didn’t even calculate the length of the farmhouse loft. It’s doable, and even though you can’t enter it in the game, a bigger farmhouse means a bigger loft judging by the look of it.
Anyway, I’m not going to calculate the loft area right now. I’m not going to calculate the other tiers of your farmhouse either, even though that was my intent when I started this analysis. The math is easy enough, but it gets boring to type, and no doubt to read. Plus, I’m a little stunned by Robin's carpentry acumen. C’mon Robin, stop upgrading my house. Exercise with the girls, dance with your husband, smoke some weed, I dunno, RELAX.
But in a strange way, it makes a weird sort of sense. Pretty much no one plays the game with auto-run turned off, but do so for a moment. See how fast you move. That is your normal pace, and auto-run is you, an Olympian god, sprinting around town every second of every day, helping the shit out of everyone whether they want it or not, snorting the same starfruit mixture you got from Robin to keep going, who may have gotten it from Linus (my money is still on Emily). We’ve become so accustomed to seeing the run animation as our default I almost didn’t realize it doesn’t translate to modern life. The boards in your house, I almost took those as your normal 2x4 planks of wood (which actually measure 1.5x3.5, the world lies to me). They are not. They are almost the width of your entire body, and your walking pace (sorry I can’t get an exact pixel measurement) covers roughly one and a half boards, a similar length to a normal human gait. The art style fooled even me until now, but your house is massive.
Let’s just answer our other two questions. What is the exchange rate? Calculating the exchange rate of a fictional world is always tricky as they have different concepts of rarities, but I’ll give it the ol’ college try. Once again, I can’t do anything with magic. Let’s first list some things of note:
  • Iridium is fairly easy to get around Stardew Valley once you are able, and that is a rare and valuable metal, with a current price of US$1,510 per troy ounce.
  • You can purchase a golden column to place on your farm, and gold has a current price of US$1,643 per troy ounce
  • Conversely, while the first two are rare and valuable metals, crops such as corn are valued at prices like 150g, a very unusually high amount if exchanged 1:1 to USA dollars.
  • Going back to plasma screen TVs, we can use its price history and then convert currencies to Stardew Valley gold.
Now you may be tempted to say we can’t translate iridium and gold’s prices to real world market values, and normally you may be right, but there are some extenuating circumstances in the game: the town is right next to two very large mines. It is even a plot point once you clear the glittering boulder that the water carries ore from deep inside the mountain. Yes, gold and iridium are valuable, but your location to ore veins is important; gold and iridium may be uncommon resources but you have access to very specific places where they are more common, otherwise known as the scarcity heuristic). This also explains two facts about iridium: discounting magic, iridium is quite rare in the game, just like real life. Secondly, Clint’s prices make a lot more sense not only because it’s endgame material, but because iridium is super dense and has a very high melting point, thus making it a very difficult material to work with.
But by far the biggest challenge of this question is figuring out whether or not items you produce factor in the cost of your labor or not. For instance, lace is made of simple materials that even in the days of Victorian England, it was easy to get. However because lace was so time consuming to make, it could command absurd prices. Thus, one of the first things we need to discover is whether or not the game takes into account cost of labor or not.
So I am going to take you all back to school and talk about someone who’s old and dead: Adam Smith. It was he who talked about the cost of labor in his book The Wealth of Nations, and because of that, I bring up this particular line:
“...From century to century, corn is a better measure than silver, because, from century to century, equal quantities of corn will command the same quantity of labour more nearly than equal quantities of silver.
Why did I mention corn above? This is why. Prices may vary, but agriculture has been around for thousands of years and the cost of a farmer’s labor equals about the same.
According to Dylan Baumann, Stardew Valley corn plants have a profit value of 535 gold per plant. Our corn plant profits are about as high as they can get without adding something new into the mix, and we don’t want that yet.
Let’s set some ground rules:
  • Cultivatable farm space on the standard farm equals out to 3,427 spaces, but we’ll round that down to 3,350 for iridium sprinklers, iridium watering can, and scarecrows, equaling maximum farming with no loss of crop.
  • We’ll keep Dylan’s ground rules, so no fertilizer.
  • No preserves, jams, wine, and juices.
  • No farming efficiencies and crop selling bonuses.
  • No use of the greenhouse to grow crops outside of the growing season.
If you plant the entire farm with corn and stop harvesting on Fall day 28 when the growing season ends, that lets you harvest a total of 11 ears of corn per plant. Multiply that by 3,350, we get a total of 36,850 ears of corn for your entire farm. Corn is measured in bushels, and a bushel of corn can be anywhere between 40 and 60 ears of corn, but we’ll say you really pack it in for 60, meaning your growing season for corn produces 36,850 / 60 corn for a total of 614.17 bushels per year.
The USDA has a 2001 labor value of corn at US$2.92 per acre (and that matches the Iowa labor statistic), and using 156 bushels per acre, that brings our labor cost per bushel at... US$00.02. That’s a real pittance. Considering bushels of corn retailed around $2.11 per bushel in 2001, that is an incredible markup of 184.85 times.
We’re almost done with the dreaded math, I swear.
Corn retails at 100g apiece in Stardew Valley(You get 50 gold from Pierre, so he has a 100% markup), meaning the labor cost should be around 184.85 times less that amount, meaning it takes about 0.54 gold to make one ear of corn.
Your average US farmers salary $55,000 and $100,000, and we’ll take the middle of $77,500 for our measurements. Dividing the farmer’s salary by the total ears of corn our farmer grows in Stardew Valley, we get a labor cost per ear of corn in US dollars of $2.10 per ear of corn. Now we multiply this by our markup ratio to get the IRL retail cost of corn in Stardew, getting US$237.08! Damn that better be some good eating! We divide that number by the Stardew Valley retail cost of corn, netting us a real world conversion of gold of, drumroll please, $2.37 US dollars per gold in 2001.
Now just for funzies, let us calculate the actual salary of your famer in Stardew Valley. Multiplying your 36,850 ears of corn by 50 gold (your selling price of gold, not the retail price of 100g), that nets you 1,842,500 gold per growing season. Multiply that by the dollagold conversion we just calculated and your real life gross income comes out to be US$436,672,500.
Give me all of the golden clocks, wizard.
Three questions down, one more to go. Currency conversion was rather tricky because it involved quite a lot of math, but this last question, what is the cost of Robin’s labor, that requires the most assumptions. There’s an easy answer and a hard answer.
Robin’s upgrades, except for the last, require you the farmer to give her resources in addition to gold. The simple answer is you are providing materials in order to keep the raw gold cost down. This means that the first house upgrade, 10,000 gold, is strictly her labor cost as the 450 wood is all the raw materials she needs to build. 3 days * 3 months (to adjust Stardew month lengths to our month lengths) comes out to Robin working an IRL equivalent to 9 days. Taking 10,000 gold / 9 days equals a cost of 1,111.111 gold per day, and considering Robin has snorted enough powdered starfruit to have 20 hour work days, that comes out to 55.56 gold per hour.
Just to be sure, let’s see if the math holds up for the last upgrade. That one requires a cost of 100,000 gold and comes preequipped with 33 casks. You do not provide the resources for the casks, meaning that comes included with the cost. Casks cannot be sold, but the materials required to make them are 20 wood and 1 hardwood, which Robin will provide for the same 100% markup (meaning 4 gold and 30 gold respectively). 4 gold * 30 gold * 33 casks comes out to 3,960 gold. Using the same calculations for the first house iteration, we get (100,000 gold - 3,960) / (3 days * 3 months) / 20 hours for a total of 533.56 gold per hour.
Not even close to our first estimate. We could just average them together for (533.56 + 55.56) / 2 = 294.56 gold, and that would be the easy answer. It would be nice to settle for the easy answer.
Let’s find the hard answer. We are going to calculate labor cost per square footage, and luckily most of the work has been done over the course of several google spreadsheets. To find the cost of materials and money per upgrade volume we get the formula (Upgrade volume - Base Volume) / 10,000 gold. This gives us a grand total of cubic material built per gold of...
...2,573.26 in^3/gold, 30.27 ft^3/gold, 2.89 m^3/gold using my method and
...628.24 in^3/gold, 0.36 ft^3/gold, 0.01 m^3/gold using asparagus’ method.
Let’s see if the math holds up for the basement upgrade and dammit I just realized I got to do more pixel measurements now. Hold on, be back in an hour.
Alright, I’m back. We don’t need to do any subtraction for the previous volume of the house considering the cellar is its own little area, but we still need to subtract the value of the materials used for the casks. The cellar comes out to a grand total of cubic materials built per gold of...
...386.91 in^3/gold, 0.22 ft^3/gold, 0.01 m^3/gold using my method and
...94.46 in^3/gold, 0.05 ft^3/gold, 0.0015 m^3/gold using asparagus’ method.
Huge discrepancy.
Before I get into my reasoning why, let us outline what we know first.
  • We’re pretty sure the game takes place in 2001.
  • We have the exact sizes of each house upgrade calculated with two different methods.
  • We have a certified exchange rate of US$2.37 at that point in time.
  • We have two different methods of calculating the cost of Robin’s labor.
  • The amount of work Robin does during her three(nine?) day job is absolutely obscene.
I come to one conclusion: Robin is a god that has settled down in the world of Stardew Valley.
Here me out. I have three pieces of evidence.
The first is when Robin is hired to take on a house upgrade job no one helps her, not even her husband Demetrius. Your house is right next to hers, so you’re not paying for travel. As we have shown by our calculations above and in the gDoc spreadsheet, that is a massive amount of work. It’s simply not possible for a human to accomplish such a monumental task. Robin claims she built her own home herself with this line from the game...
“Have I told you that I built our house from the ground up? It's definitely been the highlight of my career so far.”
...so we know her carpentry acumen is impressive enough for the job, but she has severely understated her skill. Homeadvisor pegs a house costing anywhere between US$150,000 to US$500,000 (US$102,005.53 to $340,018.44, adjusted for 2001 inflation), but even adjusted for inflation, Robin absolutely underbids the current housing market. Those inflation adjusted values, when converted to gold, come out to a range of 43,040.31g-143,467.70g. Granted, these prices are for a complete house, not adding onto a current house, but even if we half the value you are getting one hell of a discount.
The second piece is Robin’s language. The sheer passion for her work speaks wonders..
“Wood is a wonderful substance... it's versatile, cheap, strong, and each piece has its own unique character!”
...but perhaps she is just passionate about what she does. Many people are, but knowing what we do about how dirt cheap and blindingly fast she works let’s go into more detail about some things, specifically three lines. The first...
“Our little plan worked out well, don't you think? Pam and Penny seem really happy.”
...is said after Pam’s house undergoes an upgrade. “Our” plan? Sure, you are the one that buys the upgrade and Robin has to build it, but I can’t help but feel there is a double meaning behind this language. It is done out of the kindness of Robin’s heart and the materials have to come from somewhere, so she can’t do it for free, but it wasn’t about the money, as we have stated previously. It was about Penny.
Pam is a somewhat contentious person because of slobbish and slovenly nature. She is immediately and irrationally angered when Penny tries to pick the place up. She drinks heavily...
“\sigh*... My mother definitely has a problem with going to the saloon too much. But it's best not to dwell on bad things, right?”*
...doesn’t seem to understand not paying her tab has some consequences, and doesn’t realize what her habits have done to her daughter’s psyche.
Then you, the player come along. Pam is okay with the simple things in life, but you help Penny with her worries and insecurities, and then with you and Robin together, you give Penny everything she needs to help her shed those worries. She has a house that doesn have problems with rain, two friends who look out for her, her mom has a job, and most importantly she has peace of mind and in a world fraught with problems, that is truly priceless.
This is the second line...
“Hey! I heard some weird noises last night, and woke up this morning to find the quarry bridge completely repaired! It's a miracle of woodworking!”
...and it occurs once you offer items to the community center junimos to get the quarry bridge repaired.
It is also a bald-faced lie.
The junimos are good, don’t get me wrong, but we’ve seen what Robin can do with our own two eyes. She is absolutely incredible at her job, and while I may give it to her she has no idea what junimos are or what they are capable of, we have proof that the act of restoring the bridge in one night is not out of the realm of possibility for her. A miracle, yes, but I’m certain she can beat the junimos’ time.
Lastly, there is one quote from her that is just... it opens up some very interesting questions. When she says...
“My parents were bewildered when I told them I wanted to be a carpenter. They were pretty old-fashioned.”
...how old are her parents when they consider carpentry too new-fashioned for them? Carpentry is one of the world’s oldest professions. If they were old-fashioned, why were they bewildered?
This line is just so fascinating to me. Robin is incredibly skilled, but I cannot rationalize carpentry being too newfangled for parents to wrap their head around. Who were they? Where are they from? I know your secrets, Robin, I know your parents are gods, too.
The third and final piece is the contrasting pieces of the world at large. Just like ours, it’s a little depressing. Joja Corp runs dozens of what even Cyberpunk would consider a dataslave farm. The world is flooded with consumerism run amok, Orwellian surveillance, and rampant urbanization. The Ferngill Republic is in the middle of a war with the Gotoro Empire and Kent still suffers PTSD from being in a prisoner of war camp.
Stardew Valley isn’t just a town to retire in, it is a place of respite and healing. There are three confirmed magic users deeply tied to the town’s mystical roots. The bears speak and encourage you to manage the world around you. You are rewarded for restoring balance to the valley by being able to recycle things you don’t need. Your main resource in the game, gold, also doesn’t matter that much; if it ever slips into the negative, nothing bad ever happens. You must just work to raise it back up. There is no lose condition in the game.
In many respects it is similar to the Gaiaism philosophy that all living beings are connected, each relying and depending on each other in order to maintain a peaceful coexistence. You help Shane with his nihilism and depression, Sebastian with his ability to express and accept affection, Sam with his dreams, Kent with his problems, Leah with her ambitions, Haley with her generosity and narcissism, or even simple goals like Penny’s idea of a quiet domestic life.
Whether it is the addicted, lost, or scorned, everyone is welcome and everyone can have a home in Stardew Valley. No one embodies this more than Robin who just wants a simple life. Whether it is her own house or her own boat during the Dance of the Moonlight Jellies, Robin builds it herself. The feel of wood grain, the smell of lacquer, the stickiness of stain, the thrum of the saw, and the bite of the axe. Robin doesn’t charge you nearly enough for your house upgrades because it is not about the money. Woodworking is what she loves and she lives in a place where barterism, kindness, family, and friendship substitute so many of life's modern problems and inconveniences.
Friendship increases in the game aren’t just a measurement of achievements, a means of getting more recipes, or more candles lit on a grave. You are making friends and getting to know these people for who they are and everyone’s life is bettered because of it. The amount of love I’ve seen for Linus is just staggering. Shane, in all of his melancholy and despite him not being a suitor in the original version of the game, is loved by so many. I know some despise Haley, but I love that I was able to show her what kindness can do for people.
You are in a gentle and loving place, and you are loved.
What a better place for a god to reside? A quiet town filled with peace and love, seeped in nature and the old magics of yore. A loving mate, a family to raise. Land to share with those that forage from its bounty. It’s all she needs.
Robin’s role in all of this? She desires neither worship nor admiration. She is just a friend. A god, certainly, but a friend first and foremost who is just settling down in a quiet town looking for a little peace.

https://preview.redd.it/fkugiuh4nwv51.png?width=507&format=png&auto=webp&s=146d3dabaa63c0ce3bfd281712434e9b2a655be8
Image by MagicallyClueless
submitted by doctorsirus to StardewValley [link] [comments]


2020.10.24 09:42 qindarka Comparing tournament placements of the World Champions, across tournaments of differing strengths

How do we measure the performances of players in tournaments throughout their careers? Simply adding up the amount of tournaments won will not be a fair reflection, as players might participate actively in many tournaments or play more sporadically. Also, more strong tournaments are played in the modern era compared to decades, or a century ago.
The user 'whatthefat' on Chessgames, performed an analysis on how certain famous players performed in tournaments of differing strength. This is their methodology:
1) Each player's list starts in the the year they first entered the world top 10, and ends the year they last left the top 5, as determined by chessmetrics.
2) Only tournaments that feature at least one other top 10 player are listed. Opposition strength is calculated for each tournament using the following scoring method based on world rank (used previously by Sonas): #1-2 = 4; #3-4 = 3; #5-6 = 2; #6-10 = 1. The player of interest is not included in the tally.
(For example, if the #6 plays in a tournament with the #2, #3, #5, #8 and #9, points for opposition strength are awarded for the player's opponents and not the player himself. In this case, #2 = 4 points, #3 = 3, #5 = 2, #8 = 1 and #9 = 1. There will be an opposition strength of 11.)
Average finishing position (with number of tournaments in brackets) is assessed for each player in tournaments of different opposition strength: 1-6, 7-12, and ><12. In cases of tied scores, the player with more tournaments takes the higher rank.
They then classified the tournaments as follows:
LOW - Opposition strength from 1-6
MEDIUM - Opposition strength from 7-12
HIGH - Opposition strength greater than 12
Link to the post here, not the original post which I cannot find, but it is quoted verbatim by the poster 'keypusher':
https://www.chessgames.com/playelasker.html?kpage=90
I have decided to extend 'whatthefat's analysis to include all 16 World Champions.
Some minor tweaks which I made to the methodology:
  1. Original analysis used rankings based on Chessmetrics. I will be using Chessmetrics up until the appearance of the first official Elo ratings on July 1971, and from that date on, I will be referring to the official ratings.
  2. The original analysis awarded 4 points of opposition strength for the presence of the World #1 and #2, 3 points for #3 and #4 and so on. I believe this unfairly penalizes the opposition strength of highly ranked players. For example, if the #1 played in a tournament with the #2, #3, #5, #7 and #8 the opposition strength would be 4+3+2+1+1 = 11, which would place it in the MEDIUM class. However, the only reason this is MEDIUM instead of HIGH is because of the high ranking of the player themselves. At the moment, the #2 and #3 give only 7 points despite them being the two strongest opponents available to the #1. Thus, I thought it more fair to slightly adjust the formula to account for the most highly ranked opponents relative to the player. So, using the same example given earlier, the #2, #3, #5, #7 and #8 would now be the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 6th and 7th strongest opponents. According to my tweaked formula, the opposition score would be 4+4+3+2+1 = 14, which would place it in the HIGH class.
  3. The original analysis had players ranked 6-10 giving 1 point apiece. As I've changed it from pure ranking to highest ranked opponent relative to the player, I will only be scoring the 6th - 9th (instead of 10th) strongest opponents as giving 1 point each. As the World Champions are nearly always ranked inside the top 10 and would then push #10 into the 9th strongest opponent anyway, the difference will be minute.
Tournaments included
Only classical round robins are taken into account. Knockouts, Swisses, unfinished tournaments or hybrid tournaments with a rapid or Armageddon element will not be considered.
In case of shared placements, the average placement will be used. Supposing a player shares 4th place with 3 other players, the average placement will be (4+5+6+7)/4 = 5.5. The player will be deemed to have placed 5.5th in the tournament.
If ties are broken via playoff, the resulting placements will be taken into account only if the playoff consists of classical games. Rapid/blitz playoffs or any form of numerical tiebreak such as Sonneborn-Berger, will result in the above formula for average placement being used.
With that said, these are the number of tournaments, and their timeframe, for each player.
Player Number of tournaments Number of years Timeframe
Steinitz 15 38 years 1862-1899
Lasker 15 37 years 1889-1925
Capablanca 30 28 years 1911-1938
Alekhine 42 32 years 1912-1943
Euwe 22 20 years 1928-1947
Botvinnik 22 35 years 1934-1968
Smyslov 49 31 years 1940-1970
Tal 47 24 years 1957-1980
Petrosian 45 26 years 1953-1978
Spassky 52 29 years 1955-1983
Fischer 10 10 years 1961-1970
Karpov 78 28 years 1971-1998
Kasparov 53 27 years 1979-2005
Kramnik 94 26 years 1993-2018
Anand 82 25 years 1991-2015
Carlsen 61 13 years 2008-
While the entry date of a player is determined by the year when he first entered the top 10 on either Chessmetrics or Elo, I have been a little flexible in two cases:
a) Fischer technically entered the top 10 (Chessmetrics) in 1960. In 1960, he had a placement of 1.5 at Mar del Plata and 13.5 at Buenos Aires. The 13.5 is a huge outlier and massively skews the results for Fischer, who has such a small sample size. As he only barely placed at #10 for two months in 1960, I have decided to start Fischer's timeframe from 1961 instead.
b) Karpov only entered the top 10 in 1972. However, in 1971, he was already winning strong tournaments and clearly playing at a top 10 standard. It felt absurd not to include 1971, since the reason why the rankings are used anyway is to roughly determine the prime period of the players.
Results
LOW (Opposition strength from 1-6)
Player Average Placement Number of tournaments
Lasker 1.38 4
Kasparov 1.40 10
Capablanca 1.50 16
Carlsen 1.58 12
Fischer 1.60 5
Botvinnik 1.75 10
Steinitz 1.75 4
Alekhine 1.85 24
Karpov 1.97 33
Anand 2.50 11
Euwe 2.61 14
Smyslov 2.81 26
Spassky 2.96 25
Petrosian 3.07 22
Tal 3.11 28
Kramnik 3.80 27
MEDIUM (Opposition strength from 7-12)
Player Average Placement Number of tournaments
Fischer 1.25 4
Lasker 1.50 3
Kasparov 1.74 25
Carlsen 1.75 26
Alekhine 1.90 10
Capablanca 2.10 5
Karpov 2.15 33
Euwe 2.33 3
Botvinnik 2.63 9
Kramnik 2.99 42
Steinitz 3.00 5
Anand 3.01 43
Petrosian 3.94 17
Tal 4.70 15
Spassky 4.91 23
Smyslov 5.03 16
HIGH (Opposition strength greater than 12)
Player Average Placement Number of tournaments
Lasker 1.44 8
Kasparov 1.75 18
Capablanca 2.44 9
Botvinnik 2.50 4
Carlsen 2.61 23
Alekhine 2.88 8
Smyslov 3.21 7
Karpov 3.42 12
Petrosian 3.75 6
Fischer 4.00 1
Euwe 4.10 5
Kramnik 4.16 25
Anand 4.25 28
Spassky 4.38 4
Steinitz 4.43 7
Tal 5.13 4
Total tournament wins
Here are some additional stats for tournament wins and shared first places for each player. Wins are considered to be shared if the player finishes on the same number of points as at least one other player, playoffs will only be taken into account if they consist of classical games. Shared wins are not included in the wins, they are counted separately.
Steinitz (1862-1899)
LOW - 2 wins / 3 participations
MEDIUM - 1 win / 5 participations
HIGH - 1 shared win / 7 participations
Total - 3 wins, 1 shared win / 15 participations
Lasker (1889-1925)
LOW - 2 wins, 1 shared win / 4 participations
MEDIUM - 2 wins / 3 participations
HIGH - 5 wins, 1 shared win / 8 participations
Total - 9 wins, 2 shared wins / 15 participations
Capablanca (1911-1938)
LOW - 10 wins / 16 participations
MEDIUM - 3 wins / 5 participations
HIGH - 2 wins, 1 shared win / 9 participations
Total - 15 wins, 1 shared win / 30 participations
Alekhine (1912-1943)
LOW - 11 wins, 4 shared wins / 24 participations
MEDIUM - 6 wins / 10 participations
HIGH - 2 wins, 1 shared win / 8 participations
Total - 19 wins, 5 shared wins / 42 participations
Euwe (1928-1947)
LOW - 3 wins, 3 shared wins / 14 participations
MEDIUM - 1 shared win / 3 participations
HIGH - 0 wins / 5 participations
Total - 3 wins, 4 shared wins / 22 participations
Botvinnik (1934-1968)
LOW - 6 wins, 1 shared win / 10 participations
MEDIUM - 3 wins, 1 shared win / 8 participations
HIGH - 1 win, 1 shared win / 4 participations
Total - 10 wins, 3 shared wins / 22 participations
*Botvinnik also shared first in Wijk aan Zee 1969, a LOW strength tournament, outside this timeframe.
Smyslov (1940-1970)
LOW - 4 wins, 5 shared wins / 26 participations
MEDIUM - 1 win, 1 shared win / 16 participations
HIGH - 2 wins / 7 participations
Total - 7 wins, 6 shared wins / 49 participations
Smyslov also won Amsterdam 1971, a LOW strength tournament, outside this timeframe.
Tal (1957-1980)
LOW - 5 wins, 5 shared wins / 28 participations
MEDIUM - 5 wins / 15 participations
HIGH - 1 win, 1 shared win / 4 participations
Total - 11 wins, 6 shared wins / 47 participations
Tal also won Sochi 1982, a LOW strength tournament, and shared first at Tallinn 1983, a LOW strength tournament, outside this timeframe.
Petrosian (1953-1978)
LOW - 4 wins, 4 shared wins / 22 participations
MEDIUM - 2 wins / 17 participations
HIGH - 1 win / 6 participations
Total - 7 wins, 4 shared wins / 45 participations
Petrosian also won Tallinn 1979, a LOW strength tournament, and shared first at the Rio de Janeiro Interzonal 1979, a LOW strength tournament, outside this timeframe.
Spassky (1955-1983)
LOW - 7 wins, 4 shared wins / 25 participations
MEDIUM - 2 wins, 1 shared win / 23 participations
HIGH - 1 win / 4 participations
Total - 10 wins, 5 shared wins / 52 participations
Fischer (1961-1970)
LOW - 3 wins / 5 participations
MEDIUM - 3 wins / 4 participations
HIGH - 0 wins / 1 participation
Total - 6 wins / 10 participations
Fischer also shared first at Mar del Plata 1960, a LOW strength tournament, outside this timeframe.
Karpov (1971-1998)
LOW - 16 wins, 4 shared wins / 33 participations
MEDIUM - 10 wins, 10 shared wins / 33 participations
HIGH - 3 wins, 1 shared win / 12 participations
Total - 29 wins, 15 shared wins / 78 participations
Kasparov (1979-2005)
LOW - 7 wins, 2 shared wins / 10 participations
MEDIUM - 15 wins, 5 shared wins / 25 participations
HIGH - 8 wins, 4 shared wins / 18 participations
Total - 30 wins, 11 shared wins / 53 participations
Kramnik (1993-2018)
LOW - 1 win, 4 shared wins / 27 participations
MEDIUM - 7 wins, 9 shared wins / 42 participations
HIGH - 2 wins, 4 shared wins / 25 participations
Total - 10 wins, 17 shared wins / 94 participations
Anand (1991-2015)
LOW - 3 wins, 3 shared wins / 11 participations
MEDIUM - 6 wins, 8 shared wins / 43 participations
HIGH - 3 wins / 28 participations
Total - 12 wins, 11 shared wins / 82 participations
Carlsen (2008- )
LOW - 5 wins, 2 shared wins / 12 participations
MEDIUM - 13 wins, 4 shared wins / 26 participations
HIGH - 4 wins, 6 shared wins / 23 participations
Total - 22 wins, 12 shared wins / 61 participations
Some observations and issues
Obviously, the classification can be somewhat arbitrary. A tournament with an opposition strength of 12 would be classified as MEDIUM alongside one with an opposition strength of 7, despite being almost equivalent in strength to a HIGH level tournament.
Placements do not necessarily reflect tournament performance. In a 4 man tournament, you can lose every game and still finish 4th. But, in a massive 20 man Soviet Championship, a midtable finish could mean a placement of 12.5 and really hurt your average. This might account to some extent for the low placements of Smyslov, Tal, Petrosian and Spassky. A possible remedy could be to take tournament placements by percentage instead of the raw numbers, so 10/20 = top 50%, while 4/4 = top 100% and so on. But that would take exponentially more effort.
Small tournaments consisting of about 4 players, even if packed with the elite, would naturally result in a lower opposition score.
In cases such as Karpov, his results in his 40s were naturally worse than in his prime yet those tournaments are still taken into account, he is almost being penalized for maintaining a top 5 ranking for so long. Then again, his total timeframe (28 years) is not unusually large compared to the others.
Steinitz played few tournaments in his prime and the majority of his tournaments considered here took place in the 1890s when he was in his late 50s/early 60s. Again, he might be penalized for maintaining his ranking for so long. And he does have the longest timeframe of all the players here.
I had to compile all this information and do all the math by hand, and there might be little mistakes here and there, which I hope will not have skewed the results to any meaningful degree. Mistaking a placement of 2.5 for 3 will not really affect the results much, though of course, multiple such errors would be unfortunate.
Above all, all this is meant as food for thought and not as a definitive way to rank players' respective greatness. There are issues such as how much competition players faced and so on.
submitted by qindarka to chess [link] [comments]


2020.10.24 01:12 SPAC_Time HYLN.WS Warrants Cash Exercise, Cashless Exercise, and Redemption Information

Note: This was posted on the Hyliion subreddit 10 days ago in response to a request for information. Reposting it here as part 1 of a two part discussion of HYLN and HYLN.WS.
All SPACs which have warrants have "warrant agreements". Those are legal contracts, which contain all of the terms warrant holders would like to know. Unfortunately, they are written in dense legalese, so some parsing is helpful. The HYLNW warrant agreement is here:
https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgadata/1759631/000121390019002670/fs12019a1ex4-4_tortoise.htm
Before getting into specifics, there are several terms which should be defined:
Exercise means to exchange a warrant for a share (or partial share) of common stock.
Exercise Price means the amount of cash required to exercise a warrant. This is sometimes called the Strike Price. For HYLN, the Exercise Price is $11.50.
Cash Exercise means to exchange the warrant along with an amount of cash (the exercise price) for a share of common stock.
Cashless Exercise means to exchange the warrant for a defined fractional share (for example, .324) of common stock.
Redemption means to exchange each warrant for .01 (one cent each). This is obviously to be avoided, more on this later.
Redemption Period is a thirty day interval, during which holders of warrants can exercise the warrants. This is often referred to as the warrants being "called" for exercise.
Registration of Common Stock means the company is required to register with the SEC shares of stock that will be issued and can be sold to or by the public.
Closing Date for the HYLN business Combination was Oct 1, 2020, also referred to as the Merger Date.
Intrinsic Value means the difference between the common share price and the warrant Exercise Price. For example, if HYLN is $30, the intrinsic value is (30-11.5) = $18.5.
The HYLNW warrant agreement says the following:
1). HYLNW can NOT be exercised on a cash basis until 30 days after the merger date, AND the common stock which will be issued when a warrant is exercised has been registered. ( Clauses 3.2 & 3.3.2 of the warrant agreement ).
2). HYLN "shall use its best efforts to file with the SEC a registration statement" to register the common stock "underlying" the warrants within 15 days of the merger date; and to have it declared effective within 60 days of the merger. ( Clause 7.4.1 )
3). HYLNW can be called for Cash Exercise if Condition #1 is complete AND the closing price of HYLN is $18 or more on 20 out of 30 trading days. ( Clause 6.1 )
4). HYLNW can be called for Cashless Exercise 90 days after Condition #1 is complete AND if the price of HYLN is $10 or above for any one day. ( Clause 6.2 ). There is a chart in the warrant agreement which shows the exchange ratio for different HYLN closing prices and time remaining on the warrants under Clause 6.2.
5). If HYLN issues a redemption notice, either Cash or Cashless (Condition 3 or 4), warrant holders have the 30 day redemption period to either exercise their warrants, or sell them. If the warrant holder ignores or does not receive that redemption notification, and does not exercise the warrants within 30 days, the warrants will be redeemed for 1 cent apiece. SO IT IS VERY IMPORTANT WARRANT HOLDERS PAY ATTENTION TO NEWS ABOUT THEIR WARRANTS.
6). IF HYLN fails to file a registration statement, or that registration statement is not declared effective by the SEC within 60 days of the merger date, then on the 61st day, holders of HYLNW can have their brokers exchange their HYLNW for HYLN, using the following formula: ( Clause 7.4.1 )
N = [W ( FMV - EP )] / FMV , where
N is the number of shares of HYLN that will be issued
W is the number of warrants exercised.
FMV is Fair Market Value, which is "the volume weighted average price of the Common Stock as reported during the ten (10) trading day period" before turning in the warrants
EP is the Exercise Price ( $11.50 for HYLNW )
As an example, let's say the 10 day average weighted price of HYLN is $29 per share, and someone has 100 warrants.
[100 (29 - 11.5)] / 29 = 60.34 shares.
The warrant holder would then receive 60 shares of HYLN, because the warrant agreement specifies that all fractional shares will be rounded down ( Clause 2.5 ).
---- So, what does all of this mean for the HYLNW warrant holders?
First, sometime soon ( October 16th is 15 days after the merger date ), look for HYLN to file a S-1 registration statement with the SEC. Chances are the S-1 registration statement will register the shares underlying the warrants, and will also register the PIPE shares. Then the SEC will review it. If there is something the SEC doesn't like (and there almost always is), then HYLN will need to file one or more S-1A amendments to correct the deficiencies. When the SEC approves the form, then the SEC will declare the registration effective, which is an EFFECT filing.
When the registration statement is declared effective by the SEC, the very next trading day, HYLNW will trade at the intrinsic value. That may happen because HYLN share price drops, and/or HYLNW share price rises, but you will see HYLNW selling for HYLN share price - $11.50.
Because HYLN has been trading well over $18 ever since the merger, chances are high that HYLN will issue a redemption notice within a few days after the S-1 statement is declared effective. HYLNW holders will then have 30 days to either exercise the warrants ( Cash Exercise) or to sell them. Again, it is very important that you pay close attention to HYLNW news starting around the middle of November.
HYLN will want to avoid Condition 6 above ( it is very rare that a company fails to register the warrants within the allowed window when the warrants are "in the money"). So, look for the S-1 to be declared effective no later than November 30th. Likely it will be sooner, 45 days is a good rule of thumb, so perhaps around November 16th the HYLNW will become exercisable.
As an example, here is a folder which contains all of the filings for NKLA. Nikola completed their merger on June 3, 2020. NKLA filed the S-1 on 6/15, a S-1A (amendment) on 7/1, and the SEC issued the EFFECT on 7/17. This is a fairly typical timeframe:
https://www.sec.gov/cgi-bin/browse-edgar?action=getcompany&filenum=333-239185&owner=exclude&count=40
July 17th was a Friday. NKLAW became exercisable on 7/20, which was a Monday. On 7/20, NKLA share price dropped, NKLAW share price rose, and NKLAW sold for NKLA share price - $11.50.
On July 22nd, 3 trading days after the EFFECT was filed, NKLA issued the redemption notice, "calling" all of their warrants.
Disclosure: No position in HYLN or HYLNW and no intention of starting one anytime soon. I'm not an investment advisor, the above is just my opinion based on what is publicly available in the SEC filings and may contain errors. If you spot any errors, feel free to let me know and I will correct them.
submitted by SPAC_Time to Spacstocks [link] [comments]


2020.10.23 23:08 darkfire1664 [GB] Artisan Drink Coasters!

Album of Coasters
Coaster Order Form
Hello everyone! You may know me as the wrist rest guy, but I am branching out to other projects to spread my love of deep wood. I mean my deep love of wood. Anyway.
To start off with, here are my artisan coasters! These coasters feature elegant brass hardware, an attractive top layer in your choice of wood or acrylic, and cork backing to keep fatal moisture off the rare desk mat that cost more than your desk! Perfect for flexing your latest resin or supporting a cold beverage, you’ll make everyone think “wow, that guy must have his life together with a coaster that cool.”
I have 4 different wood tops for your viewing pleasure: Walnut, Maple, Oak, and Alder. They are seen here along with the clear acrylic top layer. The bottom of the coaster is a clear acrylic layer with rubber bumpers to prevent any chance of the brass hardware scratching your desk, picking your deskmat, or damaging your David Lynch Dune Laserdisc during a weird flex.
Best of all, these coasters are customizable: you can have the ONLY ONE IN THE WORLD. I have three keyboard-related stock logos to pick from, or you can submit your own art to do a completely custom logo as well. MOQ for this project is 50 coasters. I will be producing these myself in-house...in my house, where my wife is thrilled to have the laser constantly REEEEEEEEing btw.
Coasters are priced at an attractive $8 each for any top wood or acrylic top layer with one of my stock logos. You can use your custom imprint for a one-time setup fee of $6 per logo, with no other additional charge per coaster. (You are responsible for submitting usable SVG artwork by November 13th.) Shipping will be $5 CONUS, and shipping internationally will be priced per piece depending on destination (estimated $15-20). If we hit 200+ orders, the bulk materials prices will fall and your price will drop to $7 per coaster.
This group buy will stay open for 2 weeks at most, though I may shut it down early depending on the number of orders to ensure timely production and shipping. Cork and wood components are in hand now, but there’s a four-week lead time on the acrylic and hardware.
Target date for all orders to ship is December 1, though there may be delays as with any group buy. I will be fulfilling the orders on a FCFS basis. All production and shipping updates will be through my discord, so make sure you join it! (Unless you are just a crazy person who just wants to get them when you get them, which is weird but you do you, boo.)

Who am I? (insert Mulan animated Mushu gif here)
Tantalizing wrist rest photos
I run Digital Carpentry, a (mostly) wood-focused business out of my garage. I make custom wooden wrist rests (order form here) along with other classic wooden items such as cutting boards and jewelry. Check out my website here, and you can join my Discord here and follow me on Instagram here.

TL;DR
$8 apiece (200+ orders = $7 apiece)
$6 setup fee per custom logo
$5 shipping CONUS (International shipping priced per piece)
GB open 10-23 thru 11-6
MOQ is 50
GIVEAWAY!
Today I have a 60% wrist rest made of warm, rich Jatoba for your giveaway pleasure! I will also have another wrist rest to giveaway next week, so to enter the giveaway this week comment below with one of these sizes (60, 65/75, tkl, and 96) that you want given away next week! Accounts must have 50 karma and be at least a month old to win. (Exceptions will be made if you can prove some community involvement through discord or geekhack). This weeks giveaway winner will be announced on Monday along with the most popular size for the next giveaway. Good luck!

P.S. I will have a few available on my site for purchase at $10 apiece. If you did not want to wait as long this is your chance to get them earlier than the groupbuy. https://digital-carpentry.com/
EDIT: WE ARE HALFWAY TO MOQ ALREADY!!!!!
submitted by darkfire1664 to mechmarket [link] [comments]


2020.10.22 07:48 BusanGlobalVillage Busan Global Village Job Posting

I’m a current teacher and the R&D Leader at Busan Global Village (BGV). Due to our large staff, we hire year-round as people complete their contracts and we have some open positions as we approach 2021.
Introduction: We have an atypical educational style considering we typically host field trips for sixth graders across the city of Busan wherein we provide realia-based, role-play style classes. However, due to Covid, we are currently taking the show on the road and visiting schools across the city to teach them in-person. Since we have a large foreign staff of 32 teachers, we are perfectly set up to help those who are new to living in Korea become settled. Unlike some schools, we always pay on time and in full, and there is NEVER unpaid overtime. Throughout the ongoing Covid-19 fiasco, our entire staff continued to receive compensation, even when classes were not held. This job is an excellent opportunity for newer teachers or those who wish for a change of pace in beautiful Busan.
Program: “Regular Program”
Schedule: Tue-Sat, 08:30-17:30
Teaching style:
[Indefinite, Covid-alternative version] We now visit schools within the Busan school district and teach six, pre-designed (no prep) classes that are thirty-five minutes apiece. Young Leaders program classes are conducted at the end of weekdays and on Saturdays.
[Typical program without Covid restraints] 65% 2-day “field trips” at our location teaching in realia-based, interactive classrooms; 35% “Young Leaders” (semester-long hagwon-style classes)
Age/class size: 80% elementary grade 6; 20% elementary grades 4-5; 15-22 students
Start date: December-January
Salary: 2.1-2.3m KRW (based on experience/qualifications)
Perfect for: newer teachers looking for a fun way to start teaching; experienced teachers looking for new challenges and an opportunity to plan creative lessons
Benefits:
- Housing provided within walking distance of Gwangalli Beach
- Office is located in the central district of Seomyeon
- 15 days flexibly scheduled vacation + national holidays
- Pension/healthcare 50/50
- Severance
- Flights reimbursed both ways
- 30 foreign teachers
**MUST BE ELIGIBLE FOR AN E2 VISA!
APPLICATION: Email the following to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) & [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
- Resume or CV with attached picture
- Brief self-introduction, including which position(s) and start date(s) you are applying for
- If already in Korea, current ARC expiration date
- If outside Korea, the status of your apostilled documents (police check; notarized degree copy)
Please note, due to our large staff, we perform rolling hiring throughout the year. So, even if you aren’t available for these start dates, you can submit your application for future consideration! Please include your availability in your application.
submitted by BusanGlobalVillage to teachinginkorea [link] [comments]


2020.10.16 18:03 SPAC_Time Tattooed Chef TTCFW Warrants Cash Exercise, Cashless Exercise, and Redemption Information

Tattooed Chef common stock has begun trading, and is trading above $26 at the moment. The following information may be useful to holders of TTCFW to understand what may happen in the next two to three months.
All SPACs which have warrants have "warrant agreements". Those are legal contracts, which contain all of the terms warrant holders would like to know. Unfortunately, they are written in dense legalese, so some translation is required. The TTCFW warrant agreement is here:
https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgadata/1741231/000121390018010479/f8k0818ex4-1_forummerg2.htm
Before getting into specifics, it may be helpful to define several terms:
Exercise means to exchange a warrant for a share (or partial share) of common stock.
Exercise Price means the amount of cash required to exercise a warrant. This is sometimes called the Strike Price. For TTCFW, the Exercise Price is $11.50.
Cash Exercise means to exchange the warrant along with an amount of cash (the exercise price) for a share of common stock.
Cashless Exercise means to exchange the warrant for a defined fractional share (for example, .324) of common stock.
Redemption means to exchange each warrant for .01 (one cent each). This is obviously to be avoided, more on this later.
Redemption Period is a thirty day interval, during which holders of warrants can exercise the warrants. This is often referred to as the warrants being "called" for exercise.
Registration of Common Stock means the company is required to register with the SEC shares of stock that will be issued and can be sold to or by the public.
Closing Date for the TTCF business Combination was Oct 15, 2020, also referred to as the Merger Date.
Intrinsic Value means the difference between the common share price and the warrant Exercise Price. For example, if TTCF is $30, the intrinsic value is (30-11.5) = $18.5.
The TTCFW warrant agreement says the following:
1). TTCFW can NOT be exercised on a cash basis until 30 days after the merger date, AND the common stock which will be issued when a warrant is exercised has been registered. ( Clauses 3.2 & 3.3.2 of the warrant agreement ).
2). TTCF "shall use its best efforts to file with the SEC a registration statement" to register the common stock "underlying" the warrants within 15 days of the merger date; and to have it declared effective within 60 days of the merger. ( Clause 7.4.1 )
3). TTCFW can be called for Cash Exercise if Condition #1 is complete AND the closing price of TTCF is $18 or more on 20 out of 30 trading days. ( Clause 6.1 )
4). TTCFW can be called for Cashless Exercise at the board of director's option if Condition #3 is met, using the same formula as Condition # 6 below. (Clause 3.3.1(b) ). That is extremely unlikely to occur, however.
5). If TTCF issues a redemption notice, either Cash or Cashless (Condition 3 or 4), warrant holders have the 30 day redemption period to either exercise their warrants, or sell them. If the warrant holder ignores or does not receive that redemption notification, and does not exercise the warrants within 30 days, the warrants will be redeemed for 1 cent apiece. SO IT IS VERY IMPORTANT WARRANT HOLDERS PAY ATTENTION TO NEWS ABOUT THEIR WARRANTS.
6). IF TTCF fails to file a registration statement, or that registration statement is not declared effective by the SEC within 60 days of the merger date, then on the 61st day, holders of TTCFW can have their brokers exchange their TTCFW for TTCF, using the following formula: ( Clause 7.4.1 )
N = [W ( FMV - EP )] / FMV , where
N is the number of shares of TTCF that will be issued
W is the number of warrants exercised.
FMV is Fair Market Value, which is the " average reported last sales price of the Common Stock for the ten (10) trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date" before turning in the warrants
EP is the Exercise Price ( $11.50 for TTCFW )
As an example, let's say the 10 day average weighted price of TTCF is $29 per share, and someone has 100 warrants.
[100 (29 - 11.5)] / 29 = 60.34 shares.
The warrant holder would then receive 60 shares of TTCF, because the warrant agreement specifies that all fractional shares will be rounded down ( Clause 3.3.2 ).
---- So, what does all of this mean for the TTCFW warrant holders?
First, sometime around Halloween ( October 30th is 15 days after the merger date ), look for TTCF to file a S-1 registration statement with the SEC. Then the SEC will review it. If there is something the SEC doesn't like (and there almost always is), then TTCF will need to file one or more S-1A amendments to correct the deficiencies. When the SEC approves the form, then the SEC will declare the registration effective, which is an EFFECT filing.
When the registration statement is declared effective by the SEC, the very next trading day, TTCFW will trade at the intrinsic value. That may happen because TTCF share price drops, and/or TTCFW share price rises, but you will see TTCFW selling for TTCF share price - $11.50.
If TTCF continues trading well over $18 for the next two months, chances are high that TTCF will issue a redemption notice within a few days after the S-1 statement is declared effective. TTCFW holders will then have 30 days to either exercise the warrants ( Cash Exercise) or to sell them. Again, it is very important that you pay close attention to TTCFW news starting around the end of November.
TTCF will want to avoid Condition 6 above ( it is very rare that a company fails to register the warrants within the allowed window when the warrants are "in the money"). So, look for the S-1 to be declared effective no later than December 15th. Likely it will be sooner, 45 days is a good rule of thumb, so perhaps around November 30th the TTCFW will become exercisable.
As an example, here is a folder which contains all of the filings for NKLA. Nikola completed their merger on June 3, 2020. NKLA filed the S-1 on 6/15, a S-1A (amendment) on 7/1, and the SEC issued the EFFECT on 7/17. This is a fairly typical timeframe:
https://www.sec.gov/cgi-bin/browse-edgar?action=getcompany&filenum=333-239185&owner=exclude&count=40
July 17th was a Friday. NKLAW became exercisable on 7/20, which was a Monday. On 7/20, NKLA share price dropped, NKLAW share price rose, and NKLAW sold for NKLA share price - $11.50.
On July 22nd, 3 trading days after the EFFECT was filed, NKLA issued the redemption notice, "calling" all of their warrants.
Disclosure: No position in TTCF or TTCFW and no intention of starting one anytime soon. I'm not an investment advisor, the above is just my opinion based on what is publicly available in the SEC filings and may contain errors. If you spot any errors, feel free to let me know and I will correct them.
submitted by SPAC_Time to Spacstocks [link] [comments]